The American Vision - Chapter 16
"World War I and Its Aftermath"
Terms in this set (33)
Aggressively building up the nations armed forces for war.
A strong feeling of pride in and devotion to one's country.
Area of imperial control that was integral to the assassination of Ferdinand. (In Europe)
The archduke that got assassinated, the starting point of the war. Came to visit Bosnian capital.
Ideas spread to influence public opinion for or against a cause.
Goods that have been imported or exported illegally. (Germans)
A promise Germany made to America, after Wilson threatened to sever ties, to stop sinking their ships without warning.
January 1917 the British intercepted a telegram from the German government to the Mexican government offering German support if Mexico declared war against the US; offered to return land Mexico lost the US.
War Industries Bond
Created by Wilson to oversee production and distribution of goods made by the countrys war industries.
Backyard gardens; Americans were encouraged to grow their own vegetables to support the war effort.
National War Labor Board
A board that negotiated labor disputes and gave workers what they wanted to prevent strikes that would disrupt the war.
Committee on Public Information
It was headed by George Creel. The purpose of this committee was to mobilize people's minds for war, both in America and abroad. Tried to get the entire U.S. public to support U.S. involvement in WWI. Creel's organization, employed some 150,000 workers at home and oversees. He proved that words were indeed weapons.
The act of spying.
This 1917 law provided for the registration of all American men between the ages of 21 and 30 for a military draft. By the end of WWI, 24.2 had registered; 2.8 had been inducted into the army. Age limit was later changed to 18 to 45.
A territory to which neither of two disputing parties has clear claim and where they may meet as combatants. "... Polk was careful to keep American troops out of virtually all of the explosive no-man's-land between the Nueces and the Rio Grande. . .
Groups of merchant ships protected by warships.
John J. Pershing
Commander of American Expeditionary Force of over 1 million troops who insisted his soldiers fight as independent units so US would have independent role in shaping the peace.
A temporary peace agreement to end fighting.
Tennessee-born soldier whose action in the Argonne Forest made him an american hero, killed 25 machine-gunners and captured 132 German soldiers when his soldiers took cover; won Congressional Medal of Freedom.
"Flying Ace"; shot down 26 enemy planes; went after the German pilot.
Treaty of Versailles
1918, Created by the leaders victorious allies Nations: France, Britain, US, and signed by Germany to help stop WWI. The treaty 1) Stripped Germany of all Army, Navy, Airforce. 2) Germany had to rapair war damages(33 billion) 3) Germany had to acknowledge guilt for causing WWI 4) Germany could not manefacture any weapons.
A peace program presented to the U.S. Congress by President Woodrow Wilson in January 1918. It called for the evacuation of German-occupied lands, the drawing of borders and the settling of territorial disputes by the self-determination of the affected populations, and the founding of an association of nations to preserve the peace and guarantee their territorial integrity. It was rejected by Germany, but it made Wilson the moral leader of the Allies in the last year of World War I.
Right of the people to decide how they should be governed.
League of Nations
A world organization established in 1920 to promote international cooperation and peace. It was first proposed in 1918 by President Woodrow Wilson, although the United States never joined the League. Essentially powerless, it was officially dissolved in 1946.
Payments for the losses suffered during a war.
Cost of Living
The average cost of life's basic necessities, such as shelter, food, and clothing.
(1926) Strike by workers in many different industries at the same time, lasted nine days and involved three million.
Governor in Boston in 1919 that called the National Guard when riots broke out when the police force went on strike.
Most intense outbreak of national alarm, began in 1919. Success of communists in Russia, American radicals embracing communism followed by a series of mail bombings frightened Americans.
[A. Mitchell Palmer]
A. Mitchell Palmer
Attorney General that led effort to deport aliens without due process, with widespread support. Did not last long as some Americans came to their senses. Sacco/Vanzetti trial demonstrated anti-foreign feeling in 20's. Accused of armed robbery & murder, had alibis. "Those anarchists bastards". Sentenced to death and executed.
J. Edgar Hoover
FBI directer who urged HUAC to hold public hearings on communist subversion to find communist sympathisers and fellow travelers to isolate them and their influence. FBI sends agents to infiltrate groups suspected of subversion and wiretoppa telephones.
Forced to leave a country. (Palmer Raids)
A 1920 operation coordinated by Attorney General Mitchel Palmer in which federal marshals raided the homes of suspected radicals and the headquarters of radical organization in 32 cities.
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