15 terms

# Math4 - Fractions, Factors, Exponents

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prime number
a whole number greater than 1 whose only positive factors are 1 and itself
composite number
a whole number greater than 1 that has positive factors other than 1 and itself
prime factorization
a whole number written as the product of prime numbers
factor tree
one method of finding the prime factorization of a number using a diagram
monomial
a number, a variable, or a product of a number and one or more variables
common factor
a whole number that is a factor of two or more nonzero whole numbers
greatest common factor (GCF)
the greatest of the common factors of two or more nonzero whole numbers
relatively prime
when the GCF of two whole numbers is 1
simplest form
a fraction with a numerator and denominator that have a GCF of 1
equivalent fractions
fractions that represent the same number
multiple
the product of the number and any nonzero whole number
common multiple
a multiple that is shared by two or more numbers
least common multiple (LCM)
the least common multiple of two or more whole numbers
least common denominator (LCD)
the least common multiple of the denominators in two or more fractions
scientific notation
a method using powers of ten to write very small or very large numbers