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17 terms

Chapter 18: Trustworthiness and Integrity in Qualitative Research

STUDY
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audit trail
the systemic documentation of material that allows an independent audit of a qualitative study to draw conclusions about trustworthiness
authenticity
the extent to which qualitative researchers fairly and faithfully show a range of different realities in the analysis and interpretation of their data
confirmability
a criterion for integrity in a qualitative inquiry, referring to the objectivity or neutrality of the data and interpretations
credibility
a criterion for evaluating integrity and quality in qualitative studies, referring to confidence in the truth of the data; analogous to internal validity in quantitative research
criticality
researchers critical appraisal of every research decision
dependability
a criterion for evaluating integrity in qualitative studies, referring to the stability of data over time and over conditions; analogous to reliability in quantitative research
disconfirming evidence
searching for rival explanations and undertaking a negative case analysis
inquiry audit
a formal scrutiny of audit trail documents by an independent auditor
member check
a method of enhancing credibility in qualitative data analysis through debreifings and discussions with informants
negative case analysis
the refinement of a theory or description in a qualitative study through the inclusion of cases that appear to disconfirm earlier hypotheses
peer debriefing
meetings with peers to review and explore various aspects of a study, used to enhance trustworthiness in a qualitative study
persistent observation
a qualitative researcher's intense focus on the aspects of a situation that are relevant to the phenomena being studied
prolonged engagement
in qualitative research, the investment of sufficient time during data collection to have an in-depth understanding of the group under study, thereby enhancing credibility
researcher credibility
the faith that can be put into a researcher, based on his or her training, qualifications, and experience
transferability
the extent to which qualitative findings can be transferred to other settings or groups; analogous to generalizability
triangulation
the use of multiple methods to collect and interpret data about a phenomenon, so as to converge on an accurate representation of reality
trustworthiness
the degree of confidence qualitative researchers have in their data, assessed using the criteria of credibility, transferability, dependability, confirmability, and authenticity