Like this study set? Create a free account to save it.

Sign up for an account

Already have a Quizlet account? .

Create an account

audit trail

the systemic documentation of material that allows an independent audit of a qualitative study to draw conclusions about trustworthiness


the extent to which qualitative researchers fairly and faithfully show a range of different realities in the analysis and interpretation of their data


a criterion for integrity in a qualitative inquiry, referring to the objectivity or neutrality of the data and interpretations


a criterion for evaluating integrity and quality in qualitative studies, referring to confidence in the truth of the data; analogous to internal validity in quantitative research


researchers critical appraisal of every research decision


a criterion for evaluating integrity in qualitative studies, referring to the stability of data over time and over conditions; analogous to reliability in quantitative research

disconfirming evidence

searching for rival explanations and undertaking a negative case analysis

inquiry audit

a formal scrutiny of audit trail documents by an independent auditor

member check

a method of enhancing credibility in qualitative data analysis through debreifings and discussions with informants

negative case analysis

the refinement of a theory or description in a qualitative study through the inclusion of cases that appear to disconfirm earlier hypotheses

peer debriefing

meetings with peers to review and explore various aspects of a study, used to enhance trustworthiness in a qualitative study

persistent observation

a qualitative researcher's intense focus on the aspects of a situation that are relevant to the phenomena being studied

prolonged engagement

in qualitative research, the investment of sufficient time during data collection to have an in-depth understanding of the group under study, thereby enhancing credibility

researcher credibility

the faith that can be put into a researcher, based on his or her training, qualifications, and experience


the extent to which qualitative findings can be transferred to other settings or groups; analogous to generalizability


the use of multiple methods to collect and interpret data about a phenomenon, so as to converge on an accurate representation of reality


the degree of confidence qualitative researchers have in their data, assessed using the criteria of credibility, transferability, dependability, confirmability, and authenticity

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions and try again


Reload the page to try again!


Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

Voice Recording