13 terms

Parts of the brain

STUDY
PLAY

Terms in this set (...)

Brain Stem
An extension of the spinal cord; it houses structures that control functions associated with survival such as breathing, swallowing, vomiting, urination, and orgasm
Cerebellum
A large, convoluted protuberance at the back of the brain stem; it is essential for coordinated movement and balance
Hypothalamus
A brain structure that is involved in the regulation of bodily functions, including body temperature, blood pressure, ad blood glucose levels; it also influences our basic motivated behaviors
Thalamus
The gateway to the brain; it receives almost all incoming sensory information before that information reaches the cortex
Hippocampus
A brain structure that is associated with the formation of memories
Amygdala
A brain structure that serves a vital role in our learning to associate things with emotional responses and in processing emotional information
Basal ganglia
A system of subcortical structures that are important for the production of planned movement
Cerebral Cortex
The outer layer of brain tissue, which forms the convoluted surface of the brain
Occipital Lobes
Regions of the cerebral cortex -- at the back of the brain -- important for vision
Parietal Lobes
Regions of cerebral cortex -- in front of the occipital lobes and behind the frontal lobes -- important for the sense of touch and for conceptualizing the spatial layout of an environment
Temporal Lobes
Regions of the cerebral cortex -- below the parietal lobes and in front of the occipital lobes -- important for processing auditory information, for memory, and for object and face perception
Frontal lobes
Regions of the cerebral cortex -- at the front of the brain -- important for movement and higher-level psychological processes associated with the prefrontal cortex
Prefrontal Cortex
The frontmost portion of the frontal lobes, especially prominent in humans; important for attention, working memory, decision making, appropriate social behavior, and personality