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World History Unit 1 Test
Terms in this set (57)
Early Greek culture unity can best be explained by
extensive contacts and commerce between kingdoms
during the Shang period, ancestor worship became important because
ancestors had special influence with the gods
Along with several other Late Bronze Age civilizations, the Mycenaean civilization also collapsed, leaving records in form of
Linear B on baked clay
The Hyksos were able to conquer Egypt because they had
horse-drawn chariots carrying archers with composite bows
The chief tactic that the Assyrians used to maintain tranquility in their empire was
Mesopotamian gods were anthropomorphic; that is, they
they were human like in form and conduct
The Phoenicians developed a system of writing based on
an alphabet, in which each symbol represented a sound
The Assyrian government used mass deportation to
break the spirit of rebellious peoples
The first ancient civilization to rule far-flung lands and diverse peoples was that of the
Which of the following is not true of Egyptian culture influence on Nubia?
massive pyramids larger than those of Egypt
The exile of Hebrews to babylon in 587 BCE occurred under
Which of the following about women in Mesopotamia was probably not true?
They could be appointed to government positions
The Babylonian leader Hammurabi is best known for his
The term city-state refers
an urban center and the agriculture hinterlands it controlled
Nubia's primary form of transportation for trade was
the Nile River
The foreign policy of the Carthaginian state
reflected an interest in protecting the sea trade
Why did center of power shift to Meroe in the 4th century BCE?
It was a better location for agriculture and trade
Which of the following poses a problem for interpreting the history of the early Israelites form the Bible?
Hebrew civilization was interrupted by conquest; The Bible was written for religious, not historical, purposes; They were pastoralists who didn't write down their history for nearly 1,000 yrs; The Hebrew Bible was written in several phases by different people
In the Nubian kingdom's matrilineal system, the monarch who usually inherited the throne was the
son of the dead king's sister
Egyptians viewed the universe as an orderly and beneficent place because
their environment was largely stable and predictable, unlike Mesopotamia's
The two main cities of early Indian civilization are
Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro
Why was Chavin de Huantar's location pivotal in its success?
It was located at the intersection of trade routes between the mountain valleys and the coastal lowlands
Two indigenousChinese philosophies that emerged from the Warring States Period are
Confucianism and Daoism
The earliest transition to agriculture was
in the Middle East
The Mandate of Heaven meant that the ruler retained the right to rule as long as
he remained a wise and principled guardian of his people
Why did the earliest civilizations emerge in Mesopotamia, Egypt, the Indus Valley, and China
They all had sufficient water and fertility for agriculture
The Minoan civilization was established in
the island of Crete
The Indus Valley system of writing
has not been deciphered
The basic Israelite political structure King Saul was
rule by chieftains of the twelve tribes (descendants of Joseph and Jacob)
Although Minoan writing is undeciphered, Minoan artifacts indicate that
they had widespread trade connections
The Chinese political system that relied primarily on strict laws and punishments to compel people to behave is called
The Agricultural Revolutions occurred in which era?
What motivate Mesopotamian conquests of far-reaching territories?
The need for vital resources
How did Nubia become a "corridor" for long-distance trade before 3000 BCE?
It connected sub-Saharan Africa with North Africa
Creation myths often provide a society with a
satisfactory explanation of its environment
Which of the following was probably not one of the components of the "system failure" that brought down the Indus Valley cities?
That invaders from the north and east drove out the inhabitants
The era of the New Kingdom in Egypt is characterized by restoration of Egyptian rule and
expansion north into Syria and south into Nubia
Most early human activity centered on
The pharaoh Akhenaten is credited by many historians with
the invention of monothesim
Early Greek communities such as Mycenae, Thebes, and Pylos were organized around
monumental building complexes on fortified hilltops
The fundamental idea of Daoism can be summarized as
accepting the world as you find it, avoiding useless struggles, and adhering to the "path" of nature
What was Akhenaten's motivation in modifying the Egyptian religion to emphasize the primacy of Aten
He was attempting to reassert the superiority of the pharaoh and to renew belief in his own divinity
Because of the influence of Confucian ethics, Chinese values emphasized
obedience and proper conduct
Which of the following best characterizes changes in women's status in the transition from hunting and gathering to agricultural societies?
Women became less important in the public realm, but more important in the sacred world
what was the source of rivalry between Egypt and the Hittite Kingdom?
Control of trade routes in Syria-Palestine, the region laying between them
Which of the following did not encourage the inhabitants of the Aegean islands to commence seafaring?
Frequent flooding of farmlands
The makers of the "giant head" carvings in Mesoamerica were part of which civilization?
Which of the following is not one of the reasons that the Assyrians were able to conquer vast territories?
they had accomplished and wily diplomats
Which of the following issues did Confucianism and Legalism, but not Daoism, address?
Political relationship between ruler and ruled
Where was Kush located?
in the fertile plain of Dongola Reach
The Olmec can be described as
Never having an empire but influencing regions by controlling commodities such as jade
What made certain Phoenician textiles unique?
What motivated Mesopotamian conquests of far-reaching territories
the need for vital resources
Israel is important because
it is a crossroads to the Near East, Egypt, and Arabia
Carthaginian explorer Hanno reportedly sailed
down the West African coast
The earliest Historically documented people of Mesopotamia were the
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