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Terms in this set (19)
Evidence-based practice requires that decisions about health care are based on the:
Best available, current, valid and relevant evidence
What percentage of patients receive the recommended evidence-based course of treatment?
Who is considered the founder of evidence-based practice?
What are the 3 contributing factors that are combined to produce better patient outcomes?
- external evidence (evidence-based/current research)
- internal evidence (clinical experience)
- patient preferences and values
What are some reasons to use evidence-based practice?
- it leads to increased quality of care
- it decreases healthcare costs
- it decreases geographic variations in delivery of care
What does PICO stand for?
What are the 5 steps of the evidence-based practice process?
What are some reasons to use a PICO?
- to help define/clarify a problem
- to prepare for searching
What are the different types of questions that can be asked in evidence-based practice (PICOs)?
What are the best types of studies?
- systematic reviews
- randomized controlled trials
What are some questions to ask when appraising a study?
- What is the PICO? Does it match my question?
- How well was the study done?
- Is the study biased?
- What do the results mean?
- Are the results real/relevant?
Case-controlled studies and randomized clinical trials are examples of what type of research?
In applying systematic review information to clinical practice, what does FAME stand for?
- feasibility (practicality)
- appropriateness (matching patient needs)
- meaningfulness (making an impact)
What are some barriers to using evidence-based practice?
- overuse, under-use, misuse of evidence
- time, effort, & skill needed
- access to evidence
- intimidation by senior clinicians
- unsupported environment
- poor decision making
What are some limitations of using evidence-based practice?
- limited scope of evidence
- quality of research available
- keeping it patient centered
- cost effectiveness
- evidence from randomized controlled trials
- communicating uncertainties
- decision making
What is the purpose of prevention questions?
To determine the best way to prevent a condition or disease among multiple available options
What is the purpose of etiology/risk questions?
To determine the likelihood or risk of a condition or disease occurring
What is the purpose of diagnosis questions?
To determine the most effective or accurate diagnostic tool to assess a condition or disease
What is the purpose of prognosis questions?
To determine the likely course or outcome for a condition or disease
Sets with similar terms
Integration Learning 3 Module 1 exam
EBP CHAPTER 1, 2
Research Methods Chapter 11 questions
CH3 - evidence based practice
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