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1. an object made for a specific purpose (machine, mechanism, apparatus)


2. in writing, a technique, pattern, or arrangement of words used to create an effect to
evoke a response from the reader

transition words

1. words that provide coherence by helping the reader understand the relationship between ideas; such words can used between words, sentences, and paragraphs


1. reiteration (replication, recurrence, duplication)


1. In writing, the intentional balancing of construction with words or portions of
words, phrases, or sentences.


1. in rhetoric, the repetition of the same words or phrases at the beginning of successive phrases, clauses, or sentences (a form of repetition and parallelism) Example: It was the best of times, it was the worst of times. - Charles Dickens, A Tale of Two Cities


2. in grammar, the co reference of one expression with its antecedent (precursor,
forerunner). The antecedent provides the information necessary for the expression's interpretation.
Example: A woman was eating in the café; she was sitting by the window.


1. in rhetoric, the repetition of the same words or phrases at the end of successive
phrases, clauses, or sentences (a form of repetition and parallelism); the counterpart to anaphora Example: When I was a child, I spoke as a child, I understood as a child, I thought as a child. - 1 Cor 13:11 (King James Translation)


1. exact opposite (converse, reverse)


2. in writing, the use of two terms in contrast Example: pretty ugly


3. in rhetoric, a stylistic device that is a form of parallelism where the writer juxtaposes sharply-contrasting ideas in balanced (or parallel) words, phrases, or grammatical
structure Example: "To err is human; to forgive is divine."


1. in writing, a form of parallelism where items are similar in both grammatical
structure and length—creating a beat, or rhythm, to the work Example: "Many are called but few are chosen."

illustrative detail

1. in rhetoric, the use of details and examples (facts or stories) to clarify and expound on an idea


1. in writing, the use of the same beginning consonant on two or more words that are
in close proximity; alliteration is also used with vowels Examples: Best Buy (store), Seattle Seahawks (sports team), Mickey Mouse (famous cartoon character) Example: Was he not unmistakably a little man? A creature of the petty rake-off, pocketed with a petty joke in private and denied with the stainless platitudes in his public utterances.-C.S. Lewis, The Screwtape Letters


1. indirect, casual mention that refers to another idea Example: I was not born in a manger. I was actually born on Krypton and sent here by my father, Jor-el, to save the Planet Earth. - Senator Barak Obama, speech at a fund-raiser for Catholic charities, October 16, 2008

figurative language

1. language that goes beyond the literal meaning; examples of figurative language are imagery, simile, metaphor, alliteration, personification, onomatopoeia, hyperbole,
and idioms


1. to liken one thing to another; to show relationship in similarity


1. a statement explaining, telling, illustrating, or expressing


1. in writing, a device or description creating a sensory image for the reader


1. not capable of solving, undoing, or untangling


2. hopelessly perplexing


1. handcuffs, chains, or restraints—physical or figurative [noun]


2. to restrain [verb]


1. expression of horror and dread, or dismay and revulsion


1. lingering [adjective]


2. to become weak [verb]


3. desiring (pining away) or having tender feelings of melancholy [verb]


1. inherent and absolute (unchangeable, immutable, incontrovertible, indisputable,


1. larger in size or state (monstrous, vast)


2. exceptional or phenomenal (wonderful, miraculous, amazing)


1. wavy and rounded, often pertaining to a woman's body


1. to fall apart or deteriorate [verb]


2. having lost its qualities of wholeness, normalcy, or morality [adjective]


3. a person who is morally corrupt (reprobate) [noun]


1. conspicuous (obvious, noticeable, eye-catching)


2. sticking out


3. important, well-known (famous)


1. auxiliary (supplementary, back-up support) [adjective]


2. subordinate (secondary, minor) [adjective]


3. an object that serves in a back-up or supportive capacity [noun]

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