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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. Acropolis
  2. Archimedes
  3. aristocracies
  4. Trieme
  5. Sparta
  1. a Greek city-state that was ruled by an oligarchy, focused on military, used slaves for agriculture, discouraged the arts
  2. b Greek city-states controlled by nobles.
  3. c (287-212 BCE) Greek mathematician and inventor. He wrote works on plane and solid geometry, arithmetic, and mechanics. He is best known for the lever and pulley.
  4. d ship sailed by Greeks and Persians, strong bronze bows used as battering rams
  5. e Literally "high point of the city." The upper fortified part of an ancient Greek city, usually devoted to religious purposes.

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. confederation of Greek city-states under the leadership of Athens. The name is used to designate two distinct periods of alliance, the first 478-404 B.C., the second 378-338 B.C. The first alliance was made between Athens and a number of Ionian states (chiefly maritime) for the purpose of prosecuting the war against Persia.
  2. the rule of merchant aristocracies-- possessed constitutions but only a small class controlled the functions of government.
  3. On the Greek mainland, Peloponnesus Peninsula, they developed c. 1900 BC; Built huge fleet of ships to capture trade routes and established colonies; Adopted Minoans writing and building ideas and became more powerful by conquering the Minoans in 1450 BC.
  4. Athenian philosopher (ca. 470-399 B.C.E.) who shifted the emphasis of philosophical investigation from questions of natural science to ethics and human behavior. He made enemies in government by revealing the ignorance of others.
  5. heavily armed Greek infantrymen who marched and fought in close ranks; most of the recruits were middle-class citizens

5 True/False questions

  1. Cleisthenesfor many centuries the most powerful of all ancient Greek city-states; capital of present day Greece


  2. polisAthenian reformer of the 6th century; established laws that eased the burden of debt on farmers, forbade enslavement for debt


  3. Periclesa self-governing city-state; the basic political unit of the Greek world. It comprised a city, with its acropolis and agora and the surrounding territory.


  4. natural lawin ancient Greece, rulers who seized power by force but who ruled with the people's support; later came to refer to rulers who exercise brutal and oppressive power


  5. AristotleGreek philosopher. A pupil of Plato, the tutor of Alexander the Great, and the author of works on logic, metaphysics, ethics, natural sciences, politics, and poetics, he profoundly influenced Western thought.