5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- Hellenic Culture
- a Athenian philosopher (ca. 470-399 B.C.E.) who shifted the emphasis of philosophical investigation from questions of natural science to ethics and human behavior. He made enemies in government by revealing the ignorance of others.
- b heavily armed Greek infantrymen who marched and fought in close ranks; most of the recruits were middle-class citizens
- c a self-governing city-state; the basic political unit of the Greek world. It comprised a city, with its acropolis and agora and the surrounding territory.
- d in ancient Sparta, this was the term for the slaves that were owned by the state
- e The Hellenic Period of Greek Culture is regarded by many as one of the most creative periods in world history. Works developed in this period inspired developments not only in Rome and Western Europe, but also among Persians, Buddhists and Muslims as well.
5 Multiple choice questions
- Greek philosopher. A pupil of Plato, the tutor of Alexander the Great, and the author of works on logic, metaphysics, ethics, natural sciences, politics, and poetics, he profoundly influenced Western thought.
- Ruled Athens while Athens was in a Golden Age. The government became more democratic and the economy thrived. Athens had a direct democracy under Pericles.
- the rule of merchant aristocracies-- possessed constitutions but only a small class controlled the functions of government.
- The idea that ethical and moral standards should be formulated and adhered to for life on Earth, not to accommodate the prescriptions of a deity and promises of a comfortable afterlife. opposite of a theocracy.
- for many centuries the most powerful of all ancient Greek city-states; capital of present day Greece
5 True/False questions
Iliad and Odyssey → confederation of Greek city-states under the leadership of Athens. The name is used to designate two distinct periods of alliance, the first 478-404 B.C., the second 378-338 B.C. The first alliance was made between Athens and a number of Ionian states (chiefly maritime) for the purpose of prosecuting the war against Persia.
monarchies → ruled directed by king or queen who has the executive, legislative, and judical powere
Minoan → Prosperous civilization on the Aegean island of Crete in the second millennium B.C.E. They engaged in far-flung commerce around the Mediterranean and exerted powerful cultural influences on the early Greeks.
aristocracies → Athenian philosopher (ca. 470-399 B.C.E.) who shifted the emphasis of philosophical investigation from questions of natural science to ethics and human behavior. He made enemies in government by revealing the ignorance of others.
Hellenistic Synthesis → After Alexander's death, many Greeks left their over crowded homeland to settle in new lands creating cosmopolitan societies connected by trade and Greek culture. (India and Iran)