5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- Hellenistic Synthesis
- phonetic alphabet
- a A historian (c. 485-425BC) who is referred to as the father of history. He wrote The Histories, about Persia's decision to attack Greece. His histories were based on oral folklore.
- b Athenian philosopher (ca. 470-399 B.C.E.) who shifted the emphasis of philosophical investigation from questions of natural science to ethics and human behavior. He made enemies in government by revealing the ignorance of others.
- c Literally "high point of the city." The upper fortified part of an ancient Greek city, usually devoted to religious purposes.
- d After Alexander's death, many Greeks left their over crowded homeland to settle in new lands creating cosmopolitan societies connected by trade and Greek culture. (India and Iran)
- e an alphabet of characters intended to represent specific sounds of speech
5 Multiple choice questions
- Semitic-speaking Canaanites living on the coast of modern Lebanon and Syria in the first millennium B.C.E. From major cities such as Tyre and Sidon, these merchants and sailors explored the Mediterranean, and engaged in widespread commerce.
- Greek epic poems attributed to Homer; defined relations of gods and humans that shaped Greek mythology.
- An Athenian statesman from 515-495 B.C.E. who became a ruler that encouraged a more democratic system of government; assembly-law making body, granted some citizenship to some, set-up council of 500, introduced Ostracism.
- ship sailed by Greeks and Persians, strong bronze bows used as battering rams
- confederation of Greek city-states under the leadership of Athens. The name is used to designate two distinct periods of alliance, the first 478-404 B.C., the second 378-338 B.C. The first alliance was made between Athens and a number of Ionian states (chiefly maritime) for the purpose of prosecuting the war against Persia.
5 True/False questions
Classical Age → term referring to the period of Greek history that begins with the defeat of the Persian invaders in 480 - 479 BC and ends with Alexander the Great's accession in 336 BC or with his death in 323 BC.
Hellenic Culture → The Hellenic Period of Greek Culture is regarded by many as one of the most creative periods in world history. Works developed in this period inspired developments not only in Rome and Western Europe, but also among Persians, Buddhists and Muslims as well.
Sparta → one of Socrates' students; was considered by many to be the GREATEST philosopher of western civilization. He explained his ideas about government in a work entitled The Republic. In his ideal state, the people were divided into three different groups.
tyrants → in ancient Greece, rulers who seized power by force but who ruled with the people's support; later came to refer to rulers who exercise brutal and oppressive power
Plato → one of Socrates' students; was considered by many to be the GREATEST philosopher of western civilization. He explained his ideas about government in a work entitled The Republic. In his ideal state, the people were divided into three different groups.