5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- Hellenic Culture
- natural law
- Classical Age
- Hellenistic Synthesis
- a A historian (c. 485-425BC) who is referred to as the father of history. He wrote The Histories, about Persia's decision to attack Greece. His histories were based on oral folklore.
- b After Alexander's death, many Greeks left their over crowded homeland to settle in new lands creating cosmopolitan societies connected by trade and Greek culture. (India and Iran)
- c term referring to the period of Greek history that begins with the defeat of the Persian invaders in 480 - 479 BC and ends with Alexander the Great's accession in 336 BC or with his death in 323 BC.
- d The Hellenic Period of Greek Culture is regarded by many as one of the most creative periods in world history. Works developed in this period inspired developments not only in Rome and Western Europe, but also among Persians, Buddhists and Muslims as well.
- e Universal law that could be understood by applying reason; letting people govern themselves.
5 Multiple choice questions
- ship sailed by Greeks and Persians, strong bronze bows used as battering rams
- On the Greek mainland, Peloponnesus Peninsula, they developed c. 1900 BC; Built huge fleet of ships to capture trade routes and established colonies; Adopted Minoans writing and building ideas and became more powerful by conquering the Minoans in 1450 BC.
- Prosperous civilization on the Aegean island of Crete in the second millennium B.C.E. They engaged in far-flung commerce around the Mediterranean and exerted powerful cultural influences on the early Greeks.
- Athenian reformer of the 6th century; established laws that eased the burden of debt on farmers, forbade enslavement for debt
- in ancient Greece, rulers who seized power by force but who ruled with the people's support; later came to refer to rulers who exercise brutal and oppressive power
5 True/False questions
Archimedes → (287-212 BCE) Greek mathematician and inventor. He wrote works on plane and solid geometry, arithmetic, and mechanics. He is best known for the lever and pulley.
Iliad and Odyssey → Greek epic poems attributed to Homer; defined relations of gods and humans that shaped Greek mythology.
Athens → in ancient Greece, rulers who seized power by force but who ruled with the people's support; later came to refer to rulers who exercise brutal and oppressive power
secularism → Athenian philosopher (ca. 470-399 B.C.E.) who shifted the emphasis of philosophical investigation from questions of natural science to ethics and human behavior. He made enemies in government by revealing the ignorance of others.
helots → Athenian reformer of the 6th century; established laws that eased the burden of debt on farmers, forbade enslavement for debt