5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- Hellenic Culture
- natural law
- a On the Greek mainland, Peloponnesus Peninsula, they developed c. 1900 BC; Built huge fleet of ships to capture trade routes and established colonies; Adopted Minoans writing and building ideas and became more powerful by conquering the Minoans in 1450 BC.
- b An Athenian statesman from 515-495 B.C.E. who became a ruler that encouraged a more democratic system of government; assembly-law making body, granted some citizenship to some, set-up council of 500, introduced Ostracism.
- c The Hellenic Period of Greek Culture is regarded by many as one of the most creative periods in world history. Works developed in this period inspired developments not only in Rome and Western Europe, but also among Persians, Buddhists and Muslims as well.
- d Universal law that could be understood by applying reason; letting people govern themselves.
- e A historian (c. 485-425BC) who is referred to as the father of history. He wrote The Histories, about Persia's decision to attack Greece. His histories were based on oral folklore.
5 Multiple choice questions
- Athenian appointed by the Athenian archons to bring order to Athens. His solution was to enact very harsh laws, and the result was not a success. From this we get the adjective draconian
- Greek city-states controlled by nobles.
- ship sailed by Greeks and Persians, strong bronze bows used as battering rams
- Semitic-speaking Canaanites living on the coast of modern Lebanon and Syria in the first millennium B.C.E. From major cities such as Tyre and Sidon, these merchants and sailors explored the Mediterranean, and engaged in widespread commerce.
- Athenian philosopher (ca. 470-399 B.C.E.) who shifted the emphasis of philosophical investigation from questions of natural science to ethics and human behavior. He made enemies in government by revealing the ignorance of others.
5 True/False questions
Athens → for many centuries the most powerful of all ancient Greek city-states; capital of present day Greece
polis → Athenian reformer of the 6th century; established laws that eased the burden of debt on farmers, forbade enslavement for debt
Plato → Athenian appointed by the Athenian archons to bring order to Athens. His solution was to enact very harsh laws, and the result was not a success. From this we get the adjective draconian
Hellenistic Synthesis → After Alexander's death, many Greeks left their over crowded homeland to settle in new lands creating cosmopolitan societies connected by trade and Greek culture. (India and Iran)
Pericles → Ruled Athens while Athens was in a Golden Age. The government became more democratic and the economy thrived. Athens had a direct democracy under Pericles.