5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- phonetic alphabet
- a the rule of merchant aristocracies-- possessed constitutions but only a small class controlled the functions of government.
- b an alphabet of characters intended to represent specific sounds of speech
- c Greek city-states controlled by nobles.
- d On the Greek mainland, Peloponnesus Peninsula, they developed c. 1900 BC; Built huge fleet of ships to capture trade routes and established colonies; Adopted Minoans writing and building ideas and became more powerful by conquering the Minoans in 1450 BC.
- e The idea that ethical and moral standards should be formulated and adhered to for life on Earth, not to accommodate the prescriptions of a deity and promises of a comfortable afterlife. opposite of a theocracy.
5 Multiple choice questions
- in ancient Sparta, this was the term for the slaves that were owned by the state
- Athenian philosopher (ca. 470-399 B.C.E.) who shifted the emphasis of philosophical investigation from questions of natural science to ethics and human behavior. He made enemies in government by revealing the ignorance of others.
- Universal law that could be understood by applying reason; letting people govern themselves.
- The Hellenic Period of Greek Culture is regarded by many as one of the most creative periods in world history. Works developed in this period inspired developments not only in Rome and Western Europe, but also among Persians, Buddhists and Muslims as well.
- Semitic-speaking Canaanites living on the coast of modern Lebanon and Syria in the first millennium B.C.E. From major cities such as Tyre and Sidon, these merchants and sailors explored the Mediterranean, and engaged in widespread commerce.
5 True/False questions
Delian League → confederation of Greek city-states under the leadership of Athens. The name is used to designate two distinct periods of alliance, the first 478-404 B.C., the second 378-338 B.C. The first alliance was made between Athens and a number of Ionian states (chiefly maritime) for the purpose of prosecuting the war against Persia.
monarchies → the rule of merchant aristocracies-- possessed constitutions but only a small class controlled the functions of government.
Herodutus → in ancient Sparta, this was the term for the slaves that were owned by the state
Trieme → Athenian appointed by the Athenian archons to bring order to Athens. His solution was to enact very harsh laws, and the result was not a success. From this we get the adjective draconian
Pericles → a self-governing city-state; the basic political unit of the Greek world. It comprised a city, with its acropolis and agora and the surrounding territory.