5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- a Greek city-state that was ruled by an oligarchy, focused on military, used slaves for agriculture, discouraged the arts
- b Greek city-states controlled by nobles.
- c (287-212 BCE) Greek mathematician and inventor. He wrote works on plane and solid geometry, arithmetic, and mechanics. He is best known for the lever and pulley.
- d ship sailed by Greeks and Persians, strong bronze bows used as battering rams
- e Literally "high point of the city." The upper fortified part of an ancient Greek city, usually devoted to religious purposes.
5 Multiple choice questions
- confederation of Greek city-states under the leadership of Athens. The name is used to designate two distinct periods of alliance, the first 478-404 B.C., the second 378-338 B.C. The first alliance was made between Athens and a number of Ionian states (chiefly maritime) for the purpose of prosecuting the war against Persia.
- the rule of merchant aristocracies-- possessed constitutions but only a small class controlled the functions of government.
- On the Greek mainland, Peloponnesus Peninsula, they developed c. 1900 BC; Built huge fleet of ships to capture trade routes and established colonies; Adopted Minoans writing and building ideas and became more powerful by conquering the Minoans in 1450 BC.
- Athenian philosopher (ca. 470-399 B.C.E.) who shifted the emphasis of philosophical investigation from questions of natural science to ethics and human behavior. He made enemies in government by revealing the ignorance of others.
- heavily armed Greek infantrymen who marched and fought in close ranks; most of the recruits were middle-class citizens
5 True/False questions
Cleisthenes → for many centuries the most powerful of all ancient Greek city-states; capital of present day Greece
polis → Athenian reformer of the 6th century; established laws that eased the burden of debt on farmers, forbade enslavement for debt
Pericles → a self-governing city-state; the basic political unit of the Greek world. It comprised a city, with its acropolis and agora and the surrounding territory.
natural law → in ancient Greece, rulers who seized power by force but who ruled with the people's support; later came to refer to rulers who exercise brutal and oppressive power
Aristotle → Greek philosopher. A pupil of Plato, the tutor of Alexander the Great, and the author of works on logic, metaphysics, ethics, natural sciences, politics, and poetics, he profoundly influenced Western thought.