Terms in this set (69)
What are the 3 main objectves of the Preamble?
- Introduce the Constitution
- State the purpose
-Declare that the power comes from the people
What are the 2 branches of Congress?
Senate and House of Representatives
What does Congress do?
Qualifications for Senate
- Age 30
- U.S. citizen for 9 years
- Resident of the state represented
Qualifications for House of Representitives
- Age 25
- U.S. citizen for 7 years
- Resident of the state represented
How long are terms in the Senate? How many terms can a Senator serve?
6 years; unlimited
How long are terms in the House of Representitives? How many terms can a representitive serve?
2 years; unlimited
How many Senators per state?
How many House of Representatives per state?
depends on population
What is impeachment?
When an official is accused of wrongdoing or a misuse of power; treason, bribery or other misdemeanors
What is the impeachment process?
The House brings forth if majority ruled and the charges the government official and the Senate conducts the trial.
How does a bill become a law?
1. Passed in both the U.S. House of Representatives and the U.S. Senate and has been approved by the President. (majority)
2. The Presidnet vetos it and the Congress can override by having 2/3 of a vote.
What role does the Vice President play in Congress?
President of the Senate and can vote ONLY if there is a tie
What are the powers of Congress? And what is 18 refered as?
1. can collect taxes
2. borrow money on credit of the US
3. regulate commerce
4. establish an uniform rule of Naturalization
5. print money
7. establish post offices and post roads
11. declare war
12/13. raise, maintain and support the army and navy
18. make all laws necessary and proper
- The Elastic Clause
Qualifications for President
- Age 35
- NATURAL BORN CITIZEN
- Had resided in US for at LEAST 14 years
How long is a President's term?
How many terms can a president serve? What ammendment made this true?
Who elects the president?
What is the cabinet?
Group of people that advise the president
What are the presidential powers?
- Commander IN cheif
- Can make treaties with the Senate
- Can appoint ambassadors and judges
Who becomes president when they are not able to serve? IN ORDER
1. Vice President
2. Speaker of the house
3. President Pro Tempore
4. Secratary of state
What are your rights in one state vs. another?
No matter what state you are in you still have the same rights as a citizen
What is a republican government?
Form of a democracy where the people elect the President and they make laws and conduct government. (also vote for the country)
They protect every state from invasion and domestic violence.
What is an amendment? What steps are required for an amendment to be passed?
A change to the Constitution; 2/3 of Congress needs to vote yes OR 2/3 of the states find it necissary to vote and call a meeting and 3/4 of the states vote yes
What is the Supremacy Clause?
establishes that the Constitution is the "SUPREME LAW OF THE LAND"
What does ratify mean?
What was required for the Constitution to get ratified?
9 out of 13 states had to vote yes.
When was the Constitution ratified?
September 17, 1787
Freedom of Religion, Speech, Press, Assemble peacefully (protest)
Right to bear arms (own a gun)
No one may be forced to house soldiers
Protects against unreasonable search and seizure without a warrant
Protects you from testifying against yourself; double jeopardy; not to be charged for the same crime twice.
Right to a speedy and public trial
Trial by jury
Cruel and unusual punishment
People have other basic rights not listed in Constitution
All power not given to federal government, are given to the states
Guarantees all citizenship to all former slaves
Everyone had the right to vote no matter race, color, servitude (slavery)
What Amendments were a result of the Civil war?
Amendments 13, 14 and 15
Congress can collect income tax
Selling, manufacturing and transporting alcohol is ILLEGAL
Gives women the right to vote
repeal of Amendment #18; allowed all alcohol privileges
Way to remember Amendments 18, 19 and 21.
Made all privileges of alcohol illegal(18), made the US sober and allowed women to vote(19), realized the mistake they made and allowed privileges of alcohol legal again(21)
Limited the president to serving no more than 2 terms; (2, 22)
Eliminates poll tax or any other tax to stop people from voting
Lowers voting age from 21 to 18 (because of soldiers)
Separation of Powers
Constitutional division of powers among the legislative, executive, and judicial branches so one branch doesnt hole all power
Cannot be given to you in order to qualify to become a federal official; meaning you can't be descriminated by your religion
Writ of Habeas Corpus
A court order that requires police to bring a prisoner to court to explain why they are holding the person in jail; habeas corpus means hold body
Federalists vs Anti-Federalists
- Anti-Federalists wanted states' rights, bill of rights, unanimous consent, reference to religion, more power to less-rich and common people - Federalists wanted strong central government, more power to experienced, separation of church and state, stated that national government would protect individual rights
A political theory that ultimate power resides in the people. (authority of the people)
A system in which power is divided between the national and state governments
Major Principles of the Constitution and explain them.
- POPULAR SOVEREIGNTY; belief that power resides in the people
- REPUBLICANISM; representatives serving at the will of the people
- FEDERALISM; power is divided between the national and state governments
- SEPARATION OF POWERS; power separation between the 3 branches
- CHECKS AND BALANCES; a system to not allow other branches to abuse power
- JUDICIAL REVIEW; the power of the courts to declare laws unconstitutional
- LIMITED GOVERNMENT; The idea that certain restrictions should be placed on government to protect rights
Federal and State Powers: FEDERAL GOVERNMENT
- coin money
-maintain army and navy
- declare war
- regulate trade AMONG states and foreign nations
- carry out all expressed powers
Federal and State Powers: STATE GOVERNMENT
- regulate trade WITHIN a state
- protect public welfare and safety
- conduct elections
- establish local governments
Feeral and State Powers: STATE AND FEDERAL
- establish courts
- enforce laws
- collect taxes
- borrow money
- provide for general welfare
A System of Checks and Balances (the power one branch has over the other)
LEGISLATIVE BRANCH can impeach judges and reject appoinment of judges against Judicial AND can impeach president, override veto, reject appointment and refuse to approve treaties against Executive (president).
JUDICIAL BRANCH can declare presidential actions unconstitutionl against Executive AND declare acts of legislature unconstitutional against Legislative.
EXECUTIVE BRANCH can veto legislation against legislature AND appoint judges in Judicial.
How does a bill become a law in both houses?
In both houses FIRST they are introduced to the bill THEN refer to their commitee LASTLY they debate and pass their form of the bill. Then both houses come together and agree on a single bill, then they aprove and compromise then off to the president.
Rights, duties, and responsibilities expected of US citizens.
- security; protection by government
- equality; equal treatment under the law
- Liberty; rights guaranteed under Constitution
- obey the law
- pay taxes
- defend the nation
- serve in court
- attend school
- be informed and vote
- respect the rights and property of others
- respect different opinions and ways of life
The Judicial Branch has what court?
How many justices (judges) are in the Supreme Court?
How long do judges in the Supreme Court serve?
For life if they have "good behavior" and unless Congress believes there is a valid reason for impeachment
Powers of the Judicial Branch
- Deal with statute law
- ORIGINAL JURISDICTION: They have the authority to be the first court to hear a case, when the case involves ambassadors, public officials and states
- APPELLATE JURISDICTION: They can listen to a case that was ruled on by a lower/ inferior and decide if they agree with ruling
Limitations to Articles of Confederation
- Could not raise money by collecting taxes
- No control over foreign trade
- Congress could not force states to carry out it's laws
- All 13 states had to agree to any amendments
What was the Great Compromise?
A compromise to have a 2 house legislature and a lower house(HOR) and upper house(Senate). Proposed by Roger Sherman
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