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Child Development Exam 2
Terms in this set (17)
What is the violation of expectations method?
Habituate babies to a particular event and then present two variants of the event - one that is "possible" under normal circumstances, and one that is "impossible." • Study results - Capable of representation as young as 2 ½ months.
What are gross and fine motor skills?
Gross = running, jumping, throwing
Fine = holding a cup, crayon, drawing/writing
Visual cliff experiment
There's a cliff. Babies with depth be freak. Depth must be learned. It isn't innate.
What term did Jean Piaget use to refer to the ability to picture the world mentally and think about an object or event before acting?
Is this object permanence? Maybe
What is emotion?
A feeling state that includes distinctive physiological responses, can be expressed to others, involves a cognitive appraisal and can motivate action.
Is facial expression understandable cross-culturally?
Yeet they is
An infant's first real smile occurs at ______.
When do infants have their first social smile?
What's Freud's idea on the origin of attachment?
Attachment to primary caregiver at a young age? Maybe?
Attachment classification in infancy is related to attachment relationships in early adulthood.
What are the four attachment patterns?
Insecure-avoidant, secure, insecure-resistant/ambivalent, and disorganized (whack)
What is social referencing?
In which infants look to their caregiver for an indication of how to feel and act on encountering an unfamiliar object or event.
The ability to comprehend language precedes the ability to produce language.
Sure my dood
What is self-recognition?
Ability to recognize oneself in a mirror
Parents begin to report that their children start to "cry on purpose" within a few months after birth.
Yeet they correct
What are primary intersubjectivity and secondary intersubjectivity?
Primary = onset of long mutual gaze between infant and caregiver
Secondary = shift to incorporating objects into playing with a social partner
What are mirror neurons?
Special brain cells that fire when an individual sees or hears another perform an action, just as they would fire if the individual were performing the same action.
Temperamental qualities: activity level, intensity of reactions, and sociability.
easy, difficult, and slow to warm up
Recommended textbook explanations
Psychology: Principles in Practice
Spencer A. Rathus
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Myers' Psychology for AP
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