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Ethics unit 1 TEST
Terms in this set (48)
A lack of care and concern for others
A branch of philosophy that deals with how we ought to live. It is not what is, but what ought to be
Come from the Latin word "mores," meaning customs. A "roadmap" for how we ought to live.
Ethical theories that emphasize the nature of an act/ doing one thing over another/ fulfilling a duty or an obligation
Ethical theories that focus on the consequence and ask questions such as what was affected and how.
tells us what a society believes. It describes the customs, principles, and practices of a people and culture. It gives facts.
tells us about ideal behavior, or how a society ought to act. It is about what should be, even if it is not present in reality; it seeks to justify sets of principles pointing toward those ideals.
not moral, unethical, wrong, knowing the right thing but doing the wrong thing
without morals, people who do not know what is right or wrong
neither moral nor immoral. Has nothing to do w/ morality. Decisions that have nothing to do with ethics or morals - what I should wear. These neutral acts have no moral implications, though it may take on morality depending on factors such as motive or circumstance, etc.
- The systematic effort to understand moral concepts and justify moral principles and theories. It analyzes key ethical concepts such as 'right', 'wrong', and 'permissible.'
- The central purpose of moral philosophy is to identify values and right behaviors to guide human actions for groups and individuals, which will produce good character.
Table of Morality, Religion, Law, and Etiquette
An act that goes beyond the call of duty, highly altruistic. These exceed the requirements of morality (what would Jesus do?).
- The Hippocratic Oath is an oath historically taken by Physicians and other healthcare professionals swearing to practice medicine honestly. It is widely believed to have been written by Hippocrates
- One of the most widely known of Greek medical texts. It requires a new physician to swear upon a number of healing gods that he will uphold a number of professional ethical standards.
Euthanasia, Mercy Killing, Death with Dignity, Right to Die Laws, Physician-Assisted Suicide
In certain states, when someone has a terminal illness, they can request physician assisted suicide. The Catholic Church is against this, believing that all human life is sacred and that this is an act of death. Proponents of euthanasia believe that if a person is so miserable, they should be able to choose if they want to die.
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