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CSD 311 Exam #1
Terms in this set (37)
features of language (common sheep are generally crafty)
communication to take place
-sender of message
-receiver of a message
-shared intent to communicate
-shared means of communication
is the study of the meaning of a word.
the study of the sound of system of the language. (pronunciations of words)
the study of words and how they are formed.
the rules that govern how words are put together to make a sentence.
the actual use of language for communication and social interaction. (use of language in a conversation with people)
the clear and precise pronunciation of words
giving, taking, showing. (physical)
reaching, pointing. (distance)
pointing/gesturing to "tell" something (comes declarative sentences)
pointing/gesturing to control or manipulate.
-shorter, less complex sentences
-higher and varying pitch
-more frequent questioning
-warm, affectionate voice
-more diminutives used (doggie, horsey, bunny)
one-word utterance, which means a "whole phrase" is being expressed with one word.
ex: "dog", could mean i see a god, look at that dog
a child initially has a general understanding of a concept but adds features later on.
functional core hypothesis
word meanings are learned by dynamic relationships (actions) rather than static perceptions.
ex: doggie--something that barks and licks your face
children learn word meaning by both perceptual and functional characteristics.
ex: doggie--belongs to neighbor, small, animals, make noises, thing that licks your face
word referring to animate beings (those who can perform actions), like mommy, daddy, baby, dog.
anything inanimate and incapable of acting independently like shoe, diaper, book.
verbs such as: kiss, go, walk
when a agent or object moves to, or when an action takes place, such as: crib, house, floor
entity + location
dolly chair, cookie table
possesor + possession
mommy shoe, bear chair
entity + attribute
diaper dirty, dog big
demonstrative + entity
that book, this today, that doll
more juice, more ball
no book, no give
is the average (mean) number of morphemes used within utterances in a language sample.
knowledge of sounds and syllables and of the sound structure of words.
adult provides a narrative of what is going on (ex: i see you have a truck. thats a big truck you're playing with. you made it move).
adult speaks providing language model based on what the adult is doing (ex: now im going to run the bath water).
adult repeats back to the child what was just said.
repeating back but also adding missing grammatical elements.
ex: "truck"---"yeah, thats a truck"
adding more semantic information
ex: "truck" --- "yes, its a big truck"
is requesting a demand.
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