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Midterm Exam (Key Terms)
Terms in this set (34)
The arrangement of time duration in music.
A meaningful or memorable succession of pitches/
The simultaneous sounding of two or more pitches.
A system of harmony based on the major and minor scales, in which harmonies move away from and then return to the tonic.
The first and most important note of a scale, often indicated by the Roman numeral I
The way in which the melodic, harmonic, and rhythmic elements of music are woven together
The musical texture consisting of a single melodic line
Consists of a melody combined with chords.
The musical texture resulting of the simultaneous combination of two or more melodic lines.
A social construct distinguishing one group of humans from another on the basis of shared cultural heritage, ancestry, language, and or culture; it has largely replaced the now outdated concept of race.
The way music is disseminated from person to person.
Musics that are traditional, primarily disseminated through oral transmission, and usually associated with a specific rural setting or ethnic group.
A term describing musics that are disseminated through media such as radios, records, tv, films or electronic files, subject to an aesthetic of innovation and mass appeal, and associated with the urban middle and lower classes.
a term describing musics that emerged in european courts, disseminated through written notation, considered "High art" and usually associated with the upper class
Nonsense syllables used in various types of songs such as Native American songs and doo-wop.
Native American inter-tribal gathering that allows participants to preserve important cultural practices, such as music and dance
A membranophone unique to North America, used by several Native American groups.
Narrative, folk song usually sung by solo voices with or without accompaniment.
Song form in which multiple verses are set to the same music
Bay Psalm Book
The first book printed in British North America, printed in Cambridge in 1640 for use in psalm singing.
18th-century practice in which a singing master would teach singing and note reading; it signals the beginning of professional musicianship and music education in the U.S.
A type of performance in which the music is being created as it is being performed.
Call and Response
A practice in which a solo alternates with a chorus or ensemble, it is a feature of African and African American musics.
A religious music style that merged with African music forms
American religious music including both white and black types that emerged from the 19th century evangelical revival moments, the African American form combines religious expression with secular musical, styles and profoundly influenced later popular music, such as rhythm and blues and soul.
African American folk music that can be sold to be the foundation of much of American popular music
Twelve Bar Blues
Consists of 4 measures on the tonic 2 measures on subdominant, 2 measures on the tonic, two measures on the dominant and two measures on the tonic.
Category used by the recording company for its blues, jazz, and gospel records
19th-century variety show featuring whit (and later, black) performers in blackface makeup, in spite of their overt racism, these shows can be said to be the first nationwide popular culture phenomenon and provided professional opportunities for African American performers.
19th-century sentimental popular song, meant for middle-class consumers, Stephen Foster's "Beautiful Dreamer" is an example.
Rhythm and Blues
A term that emerged in 1949 to refer to all black popular music, but specifically prefers to a dance able style of the 1940s and 50s pioneers b artists like Jourdan.
Popular music of the 1950s and 60s featuring 4-5 singers in close harmonies.
Detroit-based Company; founded in 1939 by Berry Gordy Jr.
a type of music incorporating elements of rhythm, blues, and gospel music popularized by African Americans
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
Quiz 1: Review
Midterm Exam (Key Figures)
Midterm Exam (Listening)
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