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Mr. Carl's Midterm Exam

Mr. Carl's midterm exam for 2013. The test features over 100 multiple choice questions all featured on these note cards.
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During which event did the first fighting between redcoats and minutemen occur?
Battle of Lexington
Who wrote a pamphlet called Common Sense arguing that the time had come for American independence?
Thomas Paine
Which of the following officially ended the Revolutionary War and set the boundaries of the new nation?
Treaty of Paris
What power did the Articles of Confederation give to the national government?
Declare War
Which group largely supported adding a bill of rights to the Constitution?
Anti-federalists
Colonial opposition to the Stamp Act was stronger than opposition to the Sugar Act because
The Stamp Act affected colonists directly
One direct result of the Intolerable Acts was
The Boston Tea Party
The argument against tyranny found in Common Sense was supported by
Patriots
The arrival of the Marquis de Lafayette meant that
Americans troops gained reinforcements and confidence
The result of Shay's Rebellion was to demonstrate that
The government set up by the Articles of the Confederation were ineffective
The Bill of Rights was added to the Constitution in order to
appease the anti federalists concern over individual rights
Why is the election of 1800 significant?
Thomas Jefferson and Aaron Burr tie number of electoral votes. After Alexander Hamilton votes for Jefferson, who would become president, political power shifted between parties peacefully.
Which of the following is not an effect of the War of 1812?
Anything that isn't:
1.) Increased American Patriotism
2.) Weakened American Resistance
3.) U.S. manufacturing grew
Andrew Jackson referred to the election of 1824 as the result of a corrupt bargain when _______ was name Secretary of State.
Henry Clay
Who is credited with the invention of the cotton gin providing for the continued economic growth in the South as well as a dependency on slave labor?
Eli Whitney
The practice of rewarding political supporters with government positions is known as...
The Spoils System
The forced march of the Cherokee from the homelands in Georgia to the West is called...
The Trail of Tears
How was Alexander Hamilton able to change the national debt from a weakness to a national strength?
Supported centralized government, assumed state debts, created a national bank, established important tariff and whiskey tax.
Why did President Jefferson send Lewis and Clark out west?
To explore the Louisiana Purchase
Which of the following is not considered a major reform movement in the mid 1800s?
Anything that isn't
1.) 2nd Great Awakening
2.) Abolition Reform
3.) Women's Rights Reform
Which event was a direct result of the Compromise of 1850?
California was admitted as a free state.
Under popular sovereignty, who would decide whether slavery would be allowed in a territory?
The residents of the territory
What did the Supreme Court declare in the Dred Scott decision?
Blacks weren't citizens and Congress couldn't outlaw slavery in the territories
When the Civil War began, what was Abraham Lincoln's main goal?
To restore the union
In which of the following areas did the South have an advantage over the North in the Civil War?
Military Leadership
Why is the Battle of Gettysburg considered a turning point in the Civil War?
It made the South give up on the idea of invading the North
Which of the following quotations is from the Gettysburg Address?
Haha, like I'm gonna remember this.
What key difference between the North and the South ultimately led to the Civil War?
Slavery
What was John Brown's aim at Harpers Ferry?
To seize a federal arsenal and start a widespread slave uprising
Which was not part of the Union's three-part plan to conquer the South?
Drafting freed slaves to fight for the Union
What was an important effect of the Emancipation Proclamation?
Made it impossible for foreign countries to aid the South
Which of the following does not describe the battle of Gettysburg?
Anything that doesn't fall under the description of - "It was a three-day fight fought in Gettysburg, Pennsylvania. Union won this battle and it was the "beginning of the end" for Confederate armies"
Why did new Republican governments in the South after the Civil War have difficulty?
Southerners resisted Reconstruction
Why did the federal government eventually send troops into the South?
To enforce Reconstruction
Which of the following most allowed manufacturers to build their factories away from rivers?
Electricity
In which of the following places did 146 female workers die in a fire?
Triangle Shirtwaist Factory
What made it possible to construct skyscrapers in the 1800s?
Mass production of iron and steel
Who organized the Industrial Workers of the World?
Large groups of Unionists, Anarchists, and Socialists
All of the following factors contributed to the immense industrial boom of the early 1900s except...
Anything that isn't:
1.) A wealth of natural resources
2.) A government support for business
3.) A Growing urban population
Andrew Carnegie gained control of a large percentage of the steel industry by doing all of the following except
Anything that isn't
1.) Buying out his suppliers
2.) Cutting quality of his products
3.) Underselling his competitors
In the late 1800s, collective bargaining was a technique used to
Expand industry
The use of standardized time and time zones was introduced in order to benefit
Railroad companies and train travelers
Social Darwinism was used to justify all of the following except
Anything that isn't
1.) The existence of poverty
2.) The success of big business
3.) The power of millionaire industrialists
Vertical integration, a business strategy used by steel mogul Andrew Carnegie, involves
buying out raw material distributors and producers
The Interstate Commerce Act gave the right to supervise railroad activities to
The federal government
Which of the following led to government regulation of business during the Gilded Age?
Unfair business practices
Why did immigration laws discriminate against the Chinese?
Because the Chinese had been taking up jobs. Also, nativism and White supremacy discriminated against the Chinese
What was the major reason why some immigrants were denied entry?
Disease or lack of money
Which of the following was a major result of both immigration and the increased productivity of factories in the post-Reconstruction era?
Country had been producing more goods
Why did many immigrants support city political machines?
Helped them find work
According to nativists, what was a major cause of urban problems?
Immigrants
What common goal was shared by prohibitionists and purity crusaders?
improve the morals and behaviors of Americans
What was the main goal of the social gospel and settlement movements?
Improve living conditions for the poor
In the 1890s, immigration patterns shifted dramatically with most immigrants coming from
Southern and Eastern European countries
Each of the following contributed to rapid urbanization in the late 1800s except
Invention of the automobile
Political machines gained power in the late 1800s largely because they
Provided jobs for immigrants
Most settlement houses in the late 1800s offered poor city-dwellers
Social services
All of following are goals of Progressivism EXCEPT:
They represented farmers and the working class
Upton Sinclair wrote The Jungle with what objective in mind?
To expose the corruption of the meat-packaging industry
This President busted 90 trusts in a four year term of office, but gets little credit for his effort:
William Howard Taft
All of the following ran for president in the 1912 election EXCEPT:
Anybody except:
1.) William Taft
2.) Theodore Roosevelt
3.) Woodrow Wilson
The Federal Reserve System was established to
Regulate the nation's money supply
The progressive movement regarded all of the following as worthy goals except
Promoting business monopolies
Muckrakers were
writers who exposed the corruption of the government
All of the following were actively involved in securing the right to vote for women except
Florence Kelley
The first person to use the presidency as a "bully pulpit" was
Theodore Roosevelt
The primary goal of the NAACP was
Equality among the races
Which of the following was not a result of the introduction of the assembly line?
Decreased Productivity
Who gained most from the ratification of the Seventeenth Amendment?
The people
Which of the following best states the primary goal of prohibitionists?
To rid of alcohol in the U.S.
Why were early progressive attempts to enact federal bans on child labor unsuccessful?
They had very minimal support
Which strategy was not employed by woman suffragists to obtain their goal?
Anything that isn't marching, picketing, and going to jail
Which statement best characterizes Roosevelt's position on trusts?
Some trusts were harmful to the public interest
Which statement best characterizes the position of Gifford Pinchot toward land conservation?
A multi-use land program was viable
Which of the following actions led to the defeat of Taft in 1912?
His failure to unify the Republican Party
What was the primary motivation for passage of the Sixteenth Amendment?
To replace revenue lost by enacting lower tarrifs
What effect did World War I have on the suffragist movement?
It hastened passage and ratification of the 19th Amendment
Which of the following did not stimulate U.S. imperialism?
need for a source of cheap labor
Which country's residents became citizens of the United States in 1917?
Puerto Rico
Who told the artist Frederic Remington, "You furnish the pictures and I'll furnish the war"?
William Randolph Hearst
For which action did Theodore Roosevelt win the 1906 Nobel Peace Prize?
Negotiating the end of a war between Russia and Japan
In which of the following conflicts were U.S. military troops not involved?
The Boxer Rebellion
Which of the following did the United States insist that Cuba include in its constitution?
Platt Amendment
On what did the Roosevelt Corollary build?
Monroe Doctrine
What was included in the de Lôme letter?
Criticisms of Presidnt McKinley
What war ended with the Treaty of Paris of 1898?
Spanish American War
What was the purpose of the Foraker Act?
To end militray rule and set up civil government in Puerto Rico
All of the following were imperialist powers in the late 1800s except
China
José Martí, a Cuban poet and journalist in exile in New York, organized a guerrilla campaign to destroy American-owned property in Cuba in order to
Provoke U.S. intervention in China
All of the following countries came under some form of U.S. control as a result of the Spanish-American War except
Hawaii
General John J. Pershing led a force of fifteen thousand soldiers in an attempt to capture
Pancho Villa
Of the following statements, the one that best reflects an anti-imperialist attitude is
"If not necessary to won people, trade with them"
The Boxer Rebellion was an attempt by Chinese revolutionaries to
Remove foreign influence from China
The United States gained control of the land it needed to build the Panama Canal by
Invading and attacking Colombia
The Open Door Policy was designed as a way for the United States to further
Open its trade interests
The rapid growth of industry in the United States helped fuel imperialism because
The U.S. was producing too many of goods for its own people to buy
Teddy Roosevelt's approach to foreign policy reflected the proverb "Speak softly and carry a big stick" because
His negotiations were always back by the threat of military force
Though not cause of World War I which event marks the start of the conflict?
The assassination of Austria-Hungarian archduke, Franz Ferdinand
Which of the following best describes the first few years of World War I?
Both sides were locked into a stalemate
Which of the following was a major factor in the United States' decision to enter World War I?
Germany's unrestricted submarine warfare
Which was true of African Americans during World War I?
They were segregated and rarely allowed to fight
How did most women contribute to the war effort?
They replaced the jobs of men overseas
What role did the federal government play in the economy during the war?
The government regulated the production of war goods
Which of the following was not an effect of World War I on life in the United States?
Anything that isn't:
1.) Women began to gain equality
2.) America could no longer remain neutral
3.) More trade conducted with the allies
Why did many senators oppose the Versailles Treaty?
They didn't want to commit to the League of Nations
Which of the following made postwar adjustment difficult for the United States?
There was no plan to merge returning soldiers back into society
In the early 1900s, Germany was a(n)
growing power
During the early years of World War I, the United States
remained neutral
All of the following convinced the United States to enter World War I except
Anything that isn't:
1.) Germany's unrestricted submarine warfare
2.) Zimmerman Note
3.) Economic ties to the Allies (loaning money)
4.) The Russian Revolution
Most African Americans who served during World War I
segregated from their White peers
After Vladimir Lenin seized control of Russia in 1917,
he caused the Red Scare hysteria in the U.S.
The government tried to control the economy during World War I by
By rationing, imposed price controls, and introduced daylight savings
Fear of spies and sabotage in the United States during the war resulted in
National Espionage Act
At the end of the war, President Wilson and Congress disagreed most over
League of Nations/Treaty of Versailles
The immediate postwar years in the United States were best described as a period of
Isolationism
Nicola Sacco and Bartolomeo Vanzetti were charged with, and convicted of,
Murder and armed robbery
To expand its membership in the 1920s, the Ku Klux Klan engaged in all of the following except
Encouraging White woman to join the organization
policies of the 1920s limited immigration from all of the following countries except
Mexico
Attorney General A. Mitchell Palmer believed that he needed to protect the American people from
Political radicals
During the 1920s, union membership
Dropped considerably
The first practical peacetime use of airplanes was for
Carrying mail
The main factor causing urban sprawl in the 1920s was...?
The automobile
The Teapot Dome scandal centered around
Oil-rich lands
The Fordney-McCumber Tariff was meant to
Raise taxes on goods entering the U.S.
To protect their own interests, employers often accused striking workers of being
communists
It was difficult to enforce the laws governing prohibition for all of the following reasons except
Prohibition banned all alcohol manufactured in the U.S.
To obtain liquor illegally, drinkers went underground to hidden nightclubs known as
Speakeasies
The Harlem Renaissance refers to
Celebration of African American culture in literature and art
John T. Scopes challenged a Tennessee law that forbade the teaching of
Evolution
Fundamentalists believed that
The bible should be taken literally
"Double standard" refers to
Stricter social and moral standards for women rather than men
F. Scott Fitzgerald described the 1920s as the
Jazz Age
Charles Lindbergh was famous as a(n)
pilot
The NAACP did all of the following except
Support the back to Africa movement
Jazz music was born in New Orleans and was spread to the North by such musicians as
Louis Armstrong