20 terms

SOC 001 Chapter 3

STUDY
PLAY
Socialization allows the renewal of culture from one generation to the next
TRUE
Human socialization presumes that as long as a child has an adequate genetic makeup, environmental conditions have little impact on human development
FALSE
The studies of Anna, Isabelle, and Genie testify to the importance of biological equipment in the production of a normal human personality
FALSE
Evidence is emerging that depression, alcoholism, and antisocial behavior have genetic components
TRUE
Organisms are basically passive objects programmed by internal genetic forces or shaped by the external environment
FALSE
Biological influences on behavior may themselves be influenced by the environment
TRUE
While learning, human beings modify themselves by responding; human organisms literally change themselves by their own actions
TRUE
Both functionalism and conflict theory view the socialization process as important to society as a whole as well as to the individual
TRUE
Social learning theory, a microlevel theory, suggests people are socialized through positive and negative reinforcements by the significant people in their lives
TRUE
Conditioning is a form of learning in which chemical conditioning agents are used to modify brain chemicals
FALSE
Cognitive developmental theory, a macrolevel theory, proposes that what and how people learn depends on the objective social "facts" they encounter in the world
FALSE
According to symbolic interactionism theory, the individual takes an important and active role in the learning process
TRUE
The family, peer group, schools, and mass media are examples of agents of socialization
TRUE
Research has shown that mass media is the most important agent of socialization
FALSE
Observational learning is also called modeling or imitation
TRUE
In their investigation of high school students, Bonnie Barber and her colleagues discovered that the crowd identities and activities of tenth graders fail to predict adult outcomes
FALSE
Noam Chomsky, a linguist, proposed that human beings possess a language-generating mechanism that is present at birth
TRUE
Media-related aggression can be reduced by changing children's attitudes toward the violence they see on television and in video games
TRUE
According to the text, neither genetic factors nor learning processes alone can produce a language-using human being
TRUE
Verbal symbols provide the essence and primary impact of any communication experience
FALSE