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APES Midterm Study Guide
Terms in this set (107)
Uses information and ideas from physical and social sciences to study how nature works, how we affect it, and how to fix it.
learn, us, we, environmental, sustainably
The 3 goals of environmental science are to _____________ how nature works, how the environment affects _______/how _____ affect the environment, how to deal with _________________ problems and live more _______________.
The biological science that studies how organisms interact with their environment and with each other.
The sun, wind, water, soil, and energy are ______________ factors. The plants, animals, bacteria, and dead matter are ________________ factors.
solar energy, biodiversity, chemical cycling
The 3 principles of sustainability are reliance on ______________ ______________, ______________________, and ______________ _______________
Natural resources and natural services that keep organisms alive and support out economies.
Processes in nature; functions in nature
ex: pest control, creation of topsoil, air and water cleansing.
natural resources, perpetual, renewable, nonrenewable
Materials and energy in nature necessary and helpful to humans.
________________: (in continuous supply) ex: sunlight
________________: air, soil, plants, wind, water?
__________________: fossil fuels ex: gasoline, coal, natural gas, and metals
environmentally sustainable society
Society that meets the current and future basic resource needs of its people in a just and equitable manner without compromising the ability of future generation to meet their basic needs. Protects natural capital.
environmentally sustainable economic development
An attempt by people worldwide to conduct human development in a way that the environment is preserved.
human needs, technological needs, economic needs, environmental needs
The 4 needs of sustainable development are ____________ ________________ (ex: food, water, shelter), _______________ _______________ (ex: energy production, manufacturing, transportation), _______________ ________________ (ex: exchange of money for goods/services), _______________ _________________ (ex: protection of abiotic and biotic resources).
Using resources too quickly and degrading them. ex: cutting down trees
population, renewable resources, nonrenewable
The ecological footprint model and the IPAT model both deal with ___________________. The ecological footprint model deals with only _______________ _________________. The IPAT model deals with both ________________ and renewable resources.
ecological tipping point
The threshold level which causes an irreversible shift in an ecosystem.
Agricultural, Industrial/Medical, Information/Globalization, Sustainability
The 4 cultural/revolution that have pushed many ecosystems towards their ecological tipping points are:
______________ Rev.: moved us away from hunter/gatherer societies.
_____________/________________ Rev.: fossil fuels and longer life spans.
___________-_____________ Rev.: new technology, access to more info.
______________ Rev.: learning how to reduce ecological footprint and live more sustainably.
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