APES Unit 2 Review 2
Terms in this set (15)
0-17 km above Earth's surface, site of weather, organisms, contains most atmospheric water vapor. (temperature decreases with increasing altitude, pressure decreases)
biome south of the boreal forest characterized by broad-leaved, deciduous trees, well-defined seasons, and average yearly precipitation of 75-150 cm.
watershed (drainage basin)
Land area that delivers water, sediment, and dissolved substances via small streams to a major stream (river).
the rate at which an ecosystem returns to its original state after a disturbance
ammonia (NH3) is converted to nitrate ions (NO3)-
the chemical processes by which atmospheric nitrogen is assimilated into organic compounds, especially by certain microorganisms as part of the nitrogen cycle.
an immediate increase in the amount of algae and other producers that results from a large input of a limiting nutrient
Limiting Nutrient (Limiting Factor)
a nutrient required for the growth of an organism but available in a lower quantity than other nutrients
Evaporation of water from the leaves of a plant
the trapping of the sun's warmth in a planet's lower atmosphere due to the greater transparency of the atmosphere to visible radiation from the sun than to infrared radiation emitted from the planet's surface.
Dissolved Oxygen (DO)
the amount of oxygen in the water
when CO2 dissolves in seawater, it reacts with water to form carbonic acid, which lowers ocean pH
The effect of Earth's rotation on the direction of winds and currents.
the area where a freshwater stream or river merges with the ocean
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