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Terms in this set (28)
Having a knowledge of social rules and the ability to use them appropriately.
Speech Act Theory (John Austin)
Speech as a behavior. Words can be an action. Have to have the authority for the utterance to be valid. The situation/context of the utterance is important.
Speech Act Components
The act of saying a sentence that makes sense and refers to something
The speaker's purpose in saying that sentence
The effect a statement has on a listener
Cognitive Development Theory (Jean Piaget)
Egocentric versus non-egocentric language
Language focused around oneself. Assuming that those being spoken to know everything that is known by the one speaking.
Language used when the perspective of the other person is taken into account. There is a understanding that the person being talked to might not know everything that the speaker knows.
Indirect request. Ex. I want that. Give it to me now.
Direct Request. Ex. Can I have that? Will you share with me?
This is the receiver expressing to a certain message with body language or facial expressions. It is a reaction to the received message.
The response given to a sender's message out loud that allows both the sender and receiver to know that a message was received correctly.
Stylistic variations in language that occur in different contexts.
Natural variations of a language that evolve within a specific region or defined group of people.
Consonant reversals (ask -> aks), Final consonant cluster reduction
Double negatives, Verb tenses (They is)
Your momma jokes (verbal war that's not taken seriously because it's so drawn out)
-Indirect comment on omission (what do you say?)
-Direct comment on omission (Say excuse me.)
-Direct comment on error (Not please, excuse me)
-Indirect comment on error (Is that what we say?)
-Parents demonstrate (Dad asks mom for water, mom replies, "What do you say?")
-Teach a sibling (parents prompt older children to teach younger children a rule)
-Modeling (showing how it's done and allowing them to role play)
-Give praise (catch them doing something correctly and acknowledge it)
Hypothetical Situation or Evaluation
Pointing out good things that others do, creating an example situation to teach a language rule
Primary caregiver - Understands fully needs and speech patterns
Secondary caregiver - Not as familiar as primary caregiver, interrupts more, not provide multiple chances, not as much language support as PC
Siblings - close to the same as secondary caregiver, a little less involved
Need knowledge and awareness of various social routines
Familiarity with the script helps decrease the cognitive demand allowing the child to focus more on the conversation
Learn by trial and error
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
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