184 terms

Archaic Greek Art History Final

Complication of lecture slides and readings
STUDY
PLAY
Cycladic Cultures (Cyclades)
the Bronze Age civilization on the Cyclades islands in the southern Aegean Sea that flourished 3000-1100 BC (Bronze Age)
Cycladic Marble "Idols"
2500-2200 BC
(Bronze Age)
"Frying Pans" from Syros
2800-2300 BC
(Bronze Age)
Minoan Culture (Minos)
The bronze-age culture of Crete that flourished 3000-1100 BC
Knossos, view from palace towards Mount Ida
Largest Bronze Age archaeological site on Crete. The name Knossos survives from ancient Greek references to the major city of Crete.
Knossos, so-called Throne Room
Snake Goddess from Knossos, Fayence
1700-1550 BC
Knossos, Fresco with bull sports
2000-1800 BC
Thera/Akrotiri (Santorini), Frescoes
2000-1800 BC
Mycenae. Lion Gate
the main entrance of the Bronze Age citadel of Mycenae
13th century BC
northwest side of the acropolis
named after lionesses in heraldic pose
Uluburun Shipwreck
Heroon at Lefkandi
(Geometric Period)
"Dipylon Amphora"
Athens
(Geometric Period)
Geometric Krater from Athens
Kerameikos
750 BC
funerary procession
(Geometric Period)
Votive Offering from the sanctuary of Hera at Samos
Egyptian bronze statutes
8th-7th cent. BC
(Geometric Period)
Votive Statuettes of Warriors from Olympia
9th-8th century BC
(Geometric Period)
Bronze Tripod Cauldron
Olympia
8th century BC
(Geometric Period)
Geometric Krater (Wine mixing Vessel)
Pithekoussai/Ischia, Italy
725-700 BC
Pithekoussai/Ischia, Italy
Lamassu (diving mixed creature)
Alabaster relief panel from palace at Ninive
9th Century BC
Assyrian Culture (Example)
(Orientalizing Period)
Minotaur & Man and Centaur
Bronze statuette
late 8th century, BC
(Orientalizing Period)
Sphinx, Phoenician
Sphinx
Ivory braket
(Orientalizing Period)
Sphinx, Greek
Votive column of the Naxians
ca 560 BC
delphi
(Orientalizing Period)
Protoattic Amphora
700-675 BC
(Orientalizing Period)
Ritual Mourning and funeral procession
Attic Krater (grave marker)
750 BC
(Orientalizing Period)
Corinthian Pottery
Skyphos & Olpe (cup & jug)
7th century
(Orientalizing Period)
Proto Corinthian Olpe
650 BC
(Orientalizing Period)
Kouros
600 BC
(Orientalizing Period)
Griffin
bronze head from cauldron
750 BC
Olympia
Man-Bird (Siren)
bronze head from cauldron
8th century BC
Delphi
(Orientalizing Period)
Cuneiform Script
clay tablet from temple of sun god
Larsa, Iraq
18th century BC
(Orientalizing Period)
Perseus and Medusa
votive offerings from the sanctuary of Hera at Samos
ivory plaque
Laconian (Spartian)
(Orientalizing Period)
Blinding of Polyphemus' Perseus and the Gorgons
Proto-attic amphora
670-650 BC
(Orientalizing Period)
Aristotle, Politics
Parthenon
plan of the tempe with iconographic program
Parthenon
447-432 BC
(Archaic)
Temple Types:
Architectural Orders:
Doric Order
Olympia, Temple of Hera
600 BC
(Archaic-Classical)
Temple of Apollo at Aetolia
(Archaic-Classical)
Temple of Apollo (Corinth)
monolithic columns
(Archaic-Classical)
Temple of Zeus
Olympia + gymnasium
460-450 BC
(Archaic-Classical)
Temple of Zeus, East Pediment
Olympia
460-450 BC
(Archaic-Classical)
Temple of Zeus, West Pediment
Olympia
460-450 BC
(Archaic-Classical)
Ionic Order
Temple of Apollo
Bassae
(late) 5th century BC
(Archaic-Classical)
Agora, Stoa Poikile
Athens
painted stoa
475-450 BC
(Archaic-Classical)
Political Assembly: Boule at Priene
where the council of the 500 met
(Archaic-Classical)
Theater of Epidauros
(Archaic-Classical)
Theater of Dionysus
5th-4th BC
(Archaic-Classical)
Theatre of Dionysos: seats for the crowd v. seats for the privileged
Colossal status of Zeus by Pheidias
(Archaic-Classical)
Athena, Heracles, Atlas and the apples of Hesperids
Olympia
Temple of Zeus
Metopes of Cella: Labors of Heracles
(Archaic-Classical)
Nike of the Messenians and Naupactians
erected across the temple of Zues to commemorate their victory over the Spartans
sculpture by Paionios
425 BC
Votive Offerings: Bronze statue of a charioteer
470 BC
(Archaic-Classical)
Dreros (Crete) Bronze Triad
Dreros (Crete) Bronze Triad
700 BC
(Geometric Period)
Thebes Votive Offering
"Mantiklos donated me as a tithe to the far shooter, the bearer of the Silver Bow. You, Phoebus (Apollo) give something pleasing in return."
Bronze figurine
650-625BCE
Delphi
(Geometric Period)
Sounion Kouros
600 BCE
Temple of Poseidon Sounion
Kouros from Attika
590 BC
Kouros from Tenea
550 BC
'Kroisos' Kouros from Anavyssos
530 BC
Aristodikos
500-490 BC
"Kritios Boy"
490-480 BC
Kleobis and Biton?
580BC
Herodotus Histories 1.31:
"The Argives, considering them to be the best of men, had statues made of them, which they sent to Delphi."
"Dame d'Auxerre"
650-625 BC
Nikandre of Naxos
Delos
650BC
Phrasikleia
550 BCE
Athens
"The marker of Phrasikleia. Forever shall I be called 'maiden,' the gods having granted me this instead of marriage. Aristion of Paros made it."
Kore signed by Antenor
520 BC
Chronological Evolution of Pottery
Protogeometric > Geometric > ProtoCorinthian > Corinthian > ProtoAttic >Black-Figure Technique >
Red-Figure Technique
Protogeometric Pottery
1050 BC - 900 BC
Geometric Pottery
9thc BC - 8th century
"Dipylon amphora"
Athens
750 BC
Laying out of the deceased (prothesis)
"Dipylon Krater"
Athens
800-775 BC
Nestor's cup from Pithekoussai
Italy
740-720 BC
Protocorinthian: Animal Style Olpe
650 BCE
Corinthian Pottery: Amphora
625-600 BC
Corinthian Pottery: Olpe (jug)
650-550 BC
Protoatic Pottery: Eleusis amphora
650 BC
Wild Goat
625 BC
Asia Minor and Rhodes
Relief Amphora
Mykonos
650 BC
Attic Black-Figure Technique
developed ca 625 BC
Exekias
Achilles and Penthesilea
530 BC
Francois Vase
Kleitias Painter and Ergotimos Maker
Black Figure
570 BC
Black-figure amphora
by Exekia Suicide of Ajax
540 BC
Attic black figure eye cup
530 BC
Herakles driving a bull
painter, Andokides
520-510 BC
Bilingual Amphora
painter, Andokides
520-510 BC
Bilingual amphora: Black-figure by the Lysippides Painter and Red-figure
520-510 BC
3 Revelers
Euthymides
Red-Figure Amphora
520-500 BC
Hektor being armed by Priam and Hekabe
520-500 BC
Cleomelos Kalos
"Cleomelos is beautiful"
Attic red figure kalyx krater, massacre of the Niobids
460-450 BC
Pottery Production: The Kiln
Somzee, painter
420-410 BC
Attic red-figure
Dionysos reclines at an outdoor banquet
Stamnos
Attic red figure; about 450 BC
Attic red-figure
Stamnos
420-410 BC
Masked pole of Dionysos by the libation table. Mae
Hearst painter Apulian
red-figure bell krater
430-420 BC
Attic red-figure cup attributed to the Brygos Painter, c. 480 BC
Attic black-figure amphora, ca. 540 BC
Attic red figure krater Euphronios
Ca. 520-510 BC
Attic red figure psykter
Ca. 490-480 BC
Fresco from the Tomb of the Diver, North Wall, Paestum, Italy. C. 475 BC
Drinking and Pouring Vessels
Oinochoe - pouring wine after mixed in krater
Kylix - shallow drinking cup; used by symposiasts
Kantharos - high handled drinking cup; often depicted with Dionysos
Skyphos - small cup; used by attendants
Storage Vessels
Amphora - transport and storage
Stamnos - storage
Pelike - storage
Mixing and Cooling Vessels
Krater - mixing wine with water
Pskyter - cooling wine
Dionysos God of Shifting States
Circe and Odysseus' companions
Attic black figure kylix, about 560/550 BC
Attic janiform red-figure aryballos
520-510 BC
Aegina, Temple of Athena Aphaia 500-490 BC
(Classical)
Temple of Athena Aphaia, West pediment about 490 BC
(Classical)
Temple of Athena Aphaia, East Pediment about 490 BC
(Classical)
Tyrannicides
Roman copy of statue group by KriXos and Nesiotes from 477/476 BC
(Classical)
Herm with portrait of Themistocles,
Roman copy of Greek original from about 470-450 BC
Portrait of Homer, Roman copy of Greek original from about 460-450 BC
(Classical)
Bust of Pericles
Roman copy of Greek original
430 BC
(Classical)
Bronze statue from Riace (Warrior A)
460-450 BC
(Classical)
Bronze statue from Riace (warrior B)
460-450 BC
(Classical)
so-called Diadoumenos, Roman copy of Greek original from about
430-420 BC
(Classical)
Apollo Sauroktonos (dragon slayer), Roman copy of Greek original from about 350 BC
460-450 BC
(Classical)
Restng satyr,
Roman copy of Greek original from about
350-330 BC
(Classical)
AnKkythera bronze, c. 350 BCE, Athens
(Classical)
Apoxyomenos (scraper) Roman copy of Greek original from about 320 BC
(Classical)
So-called Aspasia (Aphrodite?) Roman copy of Greek original from about 460 BC
(Classical)
Woman in peplos
bronze incense burner
460/40 BC
Delphi
(Classical)
Aphrodite,
Roman copy of Greek original
400 BC
(Classical)
Aphrodite from Knidos Roman copy of Greek original
350 BC
(Classical)
Athens
Agora and Acropolis
(Classical)
Parthenon
built 447-438 BC
sculptural decoration finished in 432 BC
(Classical)
Parthenon Reconstruction of monument during Otoman period in 17th century
and explosion in 1687
Parthenon, Metopes of South Side
Drawing by Jacques Carrey
1647
(Classical)
Parthenon, East Pediment: Birth of Athena
(Classical)
East pediment, North corner: HesFa, Dione (or Themis) and Aphrodite
(Classical)
Parthenon, cella with colossal statue of Athena reconstruction in Nashville/Tenessee
1897/1921-31
Temple of Nike Apteros
421-410 BC
Erechtheion
420-406 BC
Theater of Epidauros
Athens, Theater of Dionysus
5th-4th BC
Syracuse, Sicily
Theater
Priene, Theater
3rd century BC
Priene, Theater
reconstruction of skene with proskenion
Artists' Signatures
Athena enthroned
1st half of 5th BC
Terracotta figurines of theater characters:
Comic actor as Heracles;
actor as old woman
late 5th/early 4th BC
So-called Motya charioteer
460 BC
so-called Ludovisi Throne
460 BC
Athenian Red-figure Volute-krater
425-375 BC
Drinking horns
Ulyap
Attic grave stele
brother and sister
540/530 BC
Attic grave reliefs, 2nd late 5th c. BC
Tomb relief of Hegeso
430-420 BC
Attic grave relief of family late
5th c. BC
Attic grave stele
lekythos and stele with palmette
4th c. BC
Attic grave reliefs
young maiden, girl and young boy
4th c. BC
Attic grave stele (found in Ilissos river) 340 BC
Athens, Kerameikos
Tomb with stele
of Dexileos who fell in 394 BCE in the Corinthian war
so-called Nereid monuemnt
tomb for Lycian King Arbinas (Erbinna) early 4th c BC
King Mausollos of Karia
Maussolleion
Mausollos and his sister and wife Artemisia
Etruscan temple (Portonaccio/Veii) and Greek temple (Athena Aphaia at Aegina) both
late 6th/early 5th century BC
Aec red figure krater by Euphronios
510 BC
found in Etruscan tomb near Cerveteri
Attic pots for the Etruscan market:
Tyrrhenian amphora with mythological scenes (top frieze: Heracles, Deinaneira and Nessos)
in Aec traditon and animal friezes in Corinthian style
560-550 BC
Aec pots for the Etruscan market: Nikosthenic black figure amphorae (by po\er Nikosthenes), 520-510 BC
Assyrian Helmet from Olympia
"For Zeus from the Athenians who took it from the Medes"
Archer from W pediment of
Athena Aphaia
colored reconstruction
Greekand Persian fighSng AYc oinochoe; ca. 410-400 BC
Persian dress
in Greek iconography
Top: Attic red figure krater (detail): return of Hefphaisors to olympus; Hephaistos dressed in in a richly pa;ernd short chiton
430 BC
Persian dress
in Greek iconography
AYc red figure krater; scene of sacrifice to Apollo; the female sacrificial servant wears an ependytes
430 BC
Persian dress
in Greek iconography
Men with parasols Eye-cup
Persian dress
in Greek iconography
Female and male performer at symposium with Persian head gear (mitra)
Plate by Psiax
Persian dress
in Greek iconography
Male symposiasts: the leh in long garb and female head gear
Tondo of kylix by Douris
Persian dress
in Greek iconography
Male symposiasts in long, luxurious garb, parasols and female head gear (so-called „booners" or AnacreonScs)
Stamnos; Madrid, Museo Arqueológico Nacional 11009 right: Krater; The Cleveland Museum of Art 1926.549
Persepolis (Iran)
Apadana; E side of staircase of king Darius; procession of delegates from the provinces bringing gihs to the king
copy critcism (Kopienkritik)
(Classical)
Hadrian's villa Antinoeion
Hadrian's Villa at Tivoli, Canopus
Left: Augustus from Primaporta (detail); early 1st century CE (afer an original form about 27 BCE); Rome, Va;can Museums
Right: Doryphoros, bronze herm from Herculaneum; 1st century BCE;
Portrait of a man ("Torlonia head") Portrait of a man Otricoli (Umbria), ca 50 BCE
"verism"
Scoppito (L'Aquila), ca 50 BCE
Le[: Aphrodite from Capua; Roman copy of a Greek original from about 325-300 BCE; Capua, Museo Campano
Right: Ares; Roman copy of a Greek original by Alkamenes from about 420 BCE;
Paris, Louvre
Center: Roman couple in the guise of Venus and Mars; from about 150-160 CE; Rome, Museo Capitolino
Le[: Roman woman in the guise of Venus,
late 1st / early 2nd century CE; Copenhagen, Ny Carlsberg Glyptotek
Right: Capitoline Venus, Roman copy of a Greek original from about 250-150 BCE;
Archais;c sculpture
Statue of Artemis, from Pompeii; late 1st century BCE/early 1st century CE
Relief with Apollo, Latona and Artemis with a
victory; about 30 BCE
Mahdia shipwreck (Tunisia)
ca 80-70 BCE., Tunis, Bardo Museum
Eros, bronze, 125-100 BCE Krater, marble, from Athens, ca. 100 BCE