Terms in this set (88)
1600 to 1750
When was the Baroque Period?
Bach and Handel
who were the major composers of the Baroque Period?
one mood throughout
what generally characterized the mood of baroque music pieces?
fairly constant for stretches of time, shift is sudden
what generally characterized the dynamics of baroque music pieces?
the alternation between loud and soft is called...?
organ and harpsichord
what were the main keyboard instruments of the baroque period?
during the baroque period, the whole musical structure rested on which musical line?
what aspect of a piece became increasing important during the Baroque Period?
accompaniment by the basso continuo
what is the most characteristic feature of music in the Baroque Period?
cello OR bass plus harpsichord
what instruments make up the basso continuo?
during the Baroque Period the orchestra developed into a performing group based on instruments of what family?
a piece that sounds fairly complete and independent but is part of a larger composition?
usually each movement has its own what?
a small group of soloists pitted against a larger group of players is called a what?
the orchestra in a concerto grosso is known as what?
two to four
how many soloists usually play in a concerto grosso?
eight to twenty or more
how many musicians make up the tutti in a concerto grosso?
what type of instrument is mainly played by the tutti?
how many movements does a concerto grosso have?
fast slow fast
the movements of a concerto grosso are what tempos?
the first movement of a concerto grosso is usually in what form?
solo and tutti sections
ritornello form is based on an alternation between what?
a polyphonic composition based on one main theme (a subject)
fugue is based on a main theme called a what?
three to five
the texture of a fugue usually includes how many voices?
imitate the subject
throughout a fugue, different melodic lines do what?
soprano (sung or played) and bass
top and bottom melodic lines of a fugue?
first section of a fugue is called what?
once each voice has played the subject
when is the exposition of a fugue over?
what is the term for a connective passage made up of snippets of the subject of a fugue?
what is the term for the subject being played again in a fugue?
tonic scale, dominant scale
in the opening of a fugue, the subject is presented first in the **
then in the
** by the second voice
the second voice playing the subject is referred to as what?
voice that constantly accompanies the subject
when a voice interrupts another voice that has already begun to play the subject
when each interval of the subject is reversed in pitch
when the subject is played in reverse
when the subject is played in reverse and each interval of the subject is reversed in pitch
when the subject's original time values are lengthened (ie quarter notes become half notes)
when the subject's original time values are shortened (ie quarter notes become eighth notes)
short piece introducing a fugue
drama that is sung to orchestral accompaniment
what was the most important type of opera during the Baroque period?
the text of an opera is called what?
a song for solo voice with orchestral accompaniment expressing an emotional state
section of an opera that follows speech patterns and moves the drama along
quickly and clearly
how are the words of a recitative sung?
there are usually how many notes per syllable in a recitative?
when three or more singers are involved in an opera composition it is called a what?
singers who generate atmosphere and comment on the action during an opera
opening of an opera that is purely orchestral composition, usually drawn from material heard later in the opera
orchestral introduction to an act of an opera
where and when did the first public opera house open?
a male singer who has been castrated before puberty
a male singer who sings in a female pitch range
a recitative with simple accompaniment, usually only by the basso continuo
a recitative supported by the orchestra, sung at emotional high points or moments of tension
aria with an ABA form, where second A is ornamented
birthplace and era of Monteverdi
famous opera written by Monteverdi
Monteverdi wanted to convey what in his operas?
the musical representation of poetic images used frequently by Monteverdi is called what?
birthplace and era of Purcell
Dido and Aeneas
famous opera written by Purcell
ground bass or basso ostinato
musical idea repeated by the bass over and over
piece written for one solo instrument and orchestra
a composition in several movements for one to eight instruments
a composition with three melodic lines, two high lines and the basso continuo
sonata that has a dignified character and was suitable for performance in church
sonata that was more dancelike and intended to be performed at court
sonata de camera
what lead to the dance suite?
tempo markings, such as allegro and presto
the movements of a sonata de chiesa are named after what?
dance titles, such as allemande and sarabande
the movements of a sonata de camera are named after what?
birthplace and era of Vivaldi
concerto la primavera
Vivaldi's most popular work?
an ornament consisting of the rapid alternation of two tones that are a whole or half step apart
birthplace and era of Bach
set of dance-inspired movements, usually all in one key
three part musical form
A A B B
each movement of a suite is presented in what form
a hymn tune sung to a German religious text
vocal work, shorter than oratorio or opera
large-scale composition for chorus, vocal soloists, and orchestra, usually set to a narrative text and based on religious subjects
no acting or costumes
how is oratorio different from opera?
length, arias and recitatives
how is oratorio similar to opera?
birthplace and era of Handel
most famous piece by Handel
birthplace and era of Corelli
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...
The Baroque Period
Baroque Period Terms & Definitions
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR
Pre-Assessment Questions - Survey of United States Constitution and Government
20th Century Music Appreciation
Music 20th century quiz
Music History 20th Century