Civics

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13%
______ of all Americans were born in another country
Immigrants
people who move permanently to a new country
120 million
between 1830 & 1930 the population in U.S. grew from 12 million to nearly _________.
half
by 1920 more than ______ of all Americans lived in towns or cities because of jobs.
Blue Collar Workers
workers in cities or towns are known as ________
Ethnic group
members of a group who share a common national, cultural, or racial background
Values
general principles or beliefs you use
Institutions
the key practices, relationships, and organizations in a society
Freedom
the right to make ones own choices in life without arbitrary, or unrestraint, interference from the gov.
Popular Sovereignty
the idea that the gov. receives its power from the people
Citizens
members of a community who owe loyalty to a government
Civics
the study of the duties and rights of citizens
Citizenship
came from the Greeks
Democracy
came from the Greeks
Naturalization
a legal process to obtain citizenship
Expatriation
pledging allegiance to another country
Denaturalization
naturalized citizens who are found to have lied on their citizenship form
Aliens
foreign-born residents who have not been naturalized
Resident alien
legal immigrant who permanently lives in U.S.
Non-resident alien
someone who expects to stay in the U.S.
Refugees
people fleeing his or her country to escape danger
Responsibilities
things we should do
Duties
actions that we are required to perform
Obey Laws
citizens most important duty
Pay taxes
citizens second important duty
Defend the nation
citizens third important duty
Selective Service System
most males in the U.S. must register with the ______.
7-16
children must attend school between the ages of _____
serve on a jury
every adult citizen must be prepared to _______
Jury
a group of citizens who hear evidence in a case and decide guilt or innocence
Tolerance
respect the rights of others, respecting and accepting others, regardless of differences
Contribute to the common good
responsible citizens show concern for others as well as for themselves
Welfare
the health, prosperity, and happiness - of all members of their community
Laws
the most important purpose of government is to provide rules of conduct for people to follow
Public policy
refers to the decisions and actions a government takes to solve problems in the community
Representative democracy
the citizens choose a group of people to represent them, make laws, and govern on their behalf - the U.S. is this
Republic
the citizens have a role in choosing the person who will be the head of the government or state
Constitutional monarchy
limited monarchy, hereditary monarchy
majority rules
the majority, or more than half, of the members of a community must follow
authoritarian regineses
power is held by a person or a group not accountable to the people
dicators
like absolute monarchs, exercise complete control over the state - North Korea
totalitarian
the government controls almost all aspects of peoples lives
ideology
a strict idea about life and society
socialism
society controls all aspects of the economy, either direct or indirectly through the government - Nazi Germany
Oligarchy
form of government in which a small group of people holds power
theocracy
a government rules by religious leaders and their religious law is the basis of all society - Ancient Egypt
federal system of government
power is divided among a central
unitary system of government
central government is supreme
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