Unit 2 Review 4
Terms in this set (12)
rain shadow effect
Low precipitation on the far side (leeward side) of a mountain when prevailing winds flow up and over a high mountain or range of high mountains. This creates semiarid and arid conditions on the leeward side of a high mountain range.
Intertropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ)
An area of Earth that receives the most intense sunlight; where the ascending branches of the two Hadley cells converge.
a frequently windless area near the Equator
Net Primary Productivity (NPP)
the amount of energy that plants pass on to the community of herbivores in an ecosystem.
Trophic Levels of a Food chain
producer, primary consumer, secondary consumer, tertiary consumer
A measure of how clear water is.
hydrothermal vent communities
• Abundant and large deep-ocean benthos
• Discovered in 1977
• Associated with hot vents
• Bacteria-like archaeon produce food using heat and chemicals.
Plants with seed pods
process by which bacteria convert nitrates into nitrogen gas
A natural environment that absorbs and stores more carbon dioxide from the atmosphere than it releases, which offsets greenhouse gas emissions.
Nonliving components of environment.
a seasonal change when plant matter, minerals and nutrients rise to the surface from the bottom of a lake
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