Final Pharm - Patient Teaching
Treatment of microbial infections
"right drug for the right bug
When on digoxin
maintain steady diet of salt/potassium to prevent digitoxicity caused by hypokalemia.
Anticoagulants (like warfarin/Coumadin)
do not dissolve clots, they slow/prevent their formation. The only drugs that dissove clots are the thrombolytic agents (alteplase/Activase)
How soon after MI should treatment with alteplase start?
within 3 hours of onset of symptoms
Name the most common Adverse effect to penicillin
nausea vomiting diahrea
When on any P450 metabolized drug avoid what food?
Decrease in blood pressure related to positional or postural changes from lying to sitting or standing positions
Important fact regarding Beta-Blockers
NEVER ABRUPTLY STOP!
Name two drug category that is safe for pregnancy
How can hypotension be avoided?
1. have patient change positions slowly
a. roll over
b.. sit up for 30 seconds c.stand for 30 seconds then d. walk
How long will it take for benefits of antidepressants to start?
make take several weeks to be achieved, increase in patient risk due to incremental increase in energy
Name 2 consideration with MAOIs
monamine oxidase inhibitors
should not be taen concurrentlly with any other medications, also require sverely restricted diet without tyramine & tryptophan
unable to follow therapy
lacking desire, training, memory tools to follow directions
What is the number 1 drug of overdose death for all ages?
acetaminophen via heptatoxicity
small doses of what drugs can Kill toddlers?
beta-blockers, clcium channel blockers, clonidine
Rgarding anti-gout drugs
they are not given to treat increase in uric acid without the presence of gout (uric acid crystallization)
Accumulation of uric acid in joints (a waste product formed from the breakdown of nucleic acids)