Fail to reject null hypothesis & say that sexual contact is NOT
related to virus when, in fact, it is (Type II error). Therefore, you
do not inform public of risks.
Implications: jeopardize health of sexually active
Reject null hypothesis & conclude that sexual contact IS related
to virus when, in fact, it is not (Type I error). Therefore, you tell
public there are risks which really do not exist.
Implications: people have safer sex when they don't really
need to, as least as far as this virus is concerned