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Theo Midterm Vocab

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submission, surrender
Islam means this
someone who has submitted himself to Allah
the literal meaning of Muslim
Mecca
Muhammad's birthplace
570 A.D.
Muhammad's birthdate
Khadijah
Muhammad's wife
City of the Prophet
Medina means this
Yathrib
the place Muhammad fled to after being kicked out of Mecca
622 A.D.
the year Muhammad fled Mecca
630 A.D.
the year Muhammad returned to Mecca and conquered it
632 A.D.
the year Muhammad died
Noah, Abraham, Ishmael, Moses, Jesus
The line of prophets before Muhammad
Shi'ites
believe that Muhammad made his son-in-law his successor after his death
Sunni
believe that Muhammad made his father-in-law his successor after his death
Ali
the name of Muhammad's son-in-law
Abu Bakr
the name of Muhammad's father-in-law
imams
the successors of Ali in the Shi'ite tradition
Caliphs
the successors of Abu Bakr in the Sunni tradition
sunna; custom, tradition
the etymology of Sunni (word; meaning 1, meaning 2)
reading, recitation
translation of "Qu'ran"
114
Number of surahs in the Qu'ran
Surah
a chapter of the Qu'ran
Shahadah
Islamic profession of faith
Shalah
ritual prayer celebrated five times throughout the day
Zakah
almsgiving
Sawm
fasting
Hajj
pilgrimage to Mecca
Hadith
sayings of Muhammad
tariqah
the spiritual path of perfection and union with God
qiblah
the orientation towards Mecca during prayer
Ka'bah
the holy shrine in Mecca
"I testify that there is no God but Allah, and Muhammad is his prophet"
the Islamic profession of faith in English
Al-Islam
the first stage of spiritual perfection in Sufism
Al-iman
the second stage of spiritual perfection in Sufism
Al-ihnsan
the third stage of spiritual perfection in Sufism
voluntary obedience to shariah
Al-Islam
faith
Al-iman
perfect virtue
Al-ihnsan
rasul
Gabriel calls Muhammad this
messenger, apostle
meaning of rasul
nabi
Gabriel doesn't call Muhammad this
prophet
meaning of nabi
parakletos
means "Holy Spirit"
periclytos
Muslims claim that this is the correct translation of a word in John's Gospel
famous, renowned, glorious
meaning of periclytos
to seem, to appear
Docetism comes from words that mean these (two things)
sufa (purity), suf (white wool)
Sufism comes from these arabic words: word (translation), word (translation)
"In the name of Allah, the most gracious, the most merciful"
Every Surah begins with this phrase
1922
the end of the Ottoman Empire
1000-1300 A.D.
crusades for the Holy land
Charles Martel
person who stops the Muslim expansion
732 A.D.
year Charles Martel stops the Muslim expansion