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Chapter 4: Language and Sex
Terms in this set (20)
Gender refers to one's sex - male or female. Gender is important in our understanding of the world.
Gender Difference in Third Person
In German, a male friend is called freund and a female friend is called freundin.
Gender Difference in Articles
In French, un (a or an) is used for male and une (a or an) is used for female.
Gender Difference in Pronouns
We use he and she for male and female in English. In French, il means he, while elle means she.
Gender Difference in Adjectives
In Arabic, ghadhib means angry in the case of a male and ghadhiba means angry in the case of a female.
It is an American Indian language. It is spoken by a group of Red Indians (American Indians) mainly in Louisiana
They were the American Indians who lived in Lesser Antilles.
They came to Lesser Antilles after the Arawaks. They destroyed the Arawak men and married the Arawak women. So, the Carib men and their wives spoke different dialects.
It is a large group of islands. The three main island groups are Bahamas, Greater Antilles, and Lesser Antilles.
It is a tribe in south Africa. Among the Zulu, the women should not use the /z/ sound.
It is the zulu word for water. Only a man can use this word because it contains the /z/ sound.
It is the zulu word for water. Women use this word because they cannot use the /z/ sound. The other word for water is amanzi.
Gender Difference in First Person Pronouns
In Thai, a man says phom for I, while a woman says dichan.
No Gender Difference in First Person
This is seen in most languages like English, Hungarian, and Finnish.
Reasons for Gender Differences in Language
According to Otto Jesperson, there are two reasons for gender differences in language. They are political reasons and social reasons.
Political Reasons for Gender Differences in Language
Invasion (the army of a country enters and takes control of another country) is a political reason. It may create gender differences in language.
Social Reasons for Gender Differences in Language
Taboo (something is not allowed in a religion or society) and social change are social reasons. These often create gender differences in language.
It is a form of status (importance) given to non-standard forms. Men use more non-standard forms because it makes them feel important.
Standard Forms of Speech
These forms of speech are related to social status (one's position in society). Usually, women use standard forms of speech.
It is the informal speech that men usually use. Such informal speech makes them feel important. It gives them covert prestige.