40 terms

Chapter 32 Introduction to Outdoor Emergency Care - Vocabulary

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Adaptive athlete
a person with a physical or intellectual disability who participates in a sport.
Adaptive equipment
modified sports gear that helps its users overcome a physical impairment.
Americans with disabilities act (ADA)
legislation passed in 1990 designed to prevent discrimination against individuals with disabilities.
Athetoid cerebral palsy
a form of CP that causes slow writhing muscle contractions.
Attention deficit disorder (ADD)
a behavioral syndrome that causes short attention span impulsive behaviors and restlessness.
Autonomic dysreflexia (AD)
abnormal function of the central nervous system associated with a spinal cord injury. Can lead to dangerously high blood pressure.
Autism spectrum disorders (ASD's)
developmental disabilities that impair communication with others.
Bi-ski
a sit ski with two skis attached to the bottom of the device.
Bucket
the seat of a sit ski which may have one or two skis attached to the base of the seat.
Cerebral palsy (CP)
a brain injury before during or after birth that results in a non progressive non contagious muscular motor dysfunction.
Cognitive disability
an impairment of brain function that limits the ability to process information.
Disability
any condition that impairs normal function or daily activity.
Down syndrome (DS)
a genetic disability that causes intellectual impairment and physical abnormalities.
Dyslexia
an impairment of information processing that makes learning new information difficult.
Dystonic cerebral palsy
a form of CP associated with extreme muscle rigidity.
Espressive aphasia
the inability to express speech normally.
Four tracker
a skier who uses both legs (one or both of which may be a prosthesis) who also uses 2 outriggers.
Handicap
a condition that impairs normal or intellectual function.
Impairment
any loss or limitation of physical or intellectual function.
Intellectual disability
any condition that impairs normal information processing.
Mono-ski
a sit ski with one ski attached to the base of the device.
Multiple sclerosis (MS)
progressive neurologic syndrome that causes weakness paralysis of the extremities and visual defects.
Muscular dystrophy (MD)
syndrome characterized by progressive muscular degeneration.
Ostomy bag
a bag that collects urine or feces and connects to the body using adhesive tape.
Outriggers
short skis mounted on crutch type ski poles that provide better balance for a disabled skier.
Paraplegic
people who do not have use of their legs.
Prosthetic
an artificial body part that substitutes for a missing human body part.
Quadriplegic
people who have lost use of all four extremities.
Sit-board
a device in which a bucket is used for sitting is attached to a snowboard
Sit-ski
a device consisting of two basic components a bucket or seat in which the athlete sits and one or two skis are attached to the bucket.
Ski-bra
a device that attaches close to the tips of the skis so that the tips do not cross.
Sliding board
a flat board 12 inches by 32 inches used to transfer a person from and to a wheelchair.
Spastic cerebral palsy
a form of CP that causes constant involuntary muscle contractions.
Spina bifida
a congenital malformation that results in gaps within the bony spine that exposes the spinal cord to injury.
Spinal cord injury (SCI)
damage to the spinal cord due to injury.
Stoma
a surgical port created in the body.
Tether
a strap or pair of straps that is attached to an adaptive skier's waist or to a sit ski to guide that skier and prevent excessive speed.
Three tracker
a skier with one leg who uses one ski and outriggers on both arms.
Two track skiing
the use of two skis only by an adaptive skier can include the use of adaptive equipment such as tethers and ski bras.
Visual impairment
a range of visual disabilities that include legal blindness partial blindness and complete blindness.