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Contemporary Issues Final copy
Terms in this set (48)
What is Old Covenant?
Covenant of Law -10 commandments
Moses Sinai-Bound by the law
Realm of the flesh
bore fruit of death
What is New Covenant?
Promise, faith, grace, love, & Holy Spirit
Married to Christ
New way of the Spirit
Bore fruit for God
What is Abrahamic Covenant?
1st covenant related to salvation
Promise God made to Adam
Abraham has faith in God
Text Commonly used by evangelicals to support Old Covenant?
Det 4:12-13 & 5:2-3
Text commonly used by evangelicals to support New Covenant?
Text commonly used to support Abrahamic Covenant?
Gen 15: 6, 18
What are the 4 controversial NT passages on the covenants?
Heb 8:7-9, 13
2 Cor 3:2-16
Gal 3:19-25; 4:21-5:1
What are the logical consequences of the evangelical model, with regard to salvation and the character of God?
If the evangelical model of the covenants is true, then the logical consequence is: Salvation is that the Sinai covenant was designed to prevent salvation, to damn people eternally. If that is true, what it says about the character of God is that God deliberately created a covenant of damnation.
How many gospels are there?
Was the OT gospel different from the NT gospel
Same just OC written on stone & NC written on the heart
2 Cor 3:2-16 & Heb 4:2
What is the OT passage that fully and formally defines the NC?
What is the NT passage that fully and formally defines the NC?
What are the four promises/provisions of the NC?
1. Law in Heart-sanctification
2. I'm their God, they my people- Reconciliation
3. All will know Me-Revelation
4. I will forgive-justification
Be able to diagram "The Everlasting Covenant" chart with the everlasting covenant, the covenant of redemption, the OC experience, the NC experience in relation to salvation history, God's historical OC, and God's historical NC.
What are four texts regarding the Sinai Covenant and key words from those four texts to prove that the genetic code of the NC are all found in the Sinai Covenant?
Gen 28:14-descendants like dust of earth...spread out N, W, E, & S. All people on earth blessed by you and your offspring.
Ex 34:1-7-Moses chiseled out 2 stones...God slow to anger, compassionate, forgiveness, does not leave guilty unpunished.
Lev 26:12- I will walk among you...you will be my people.
Deut 30: 6 & 11-14-circumcise hearts to love him will all your heart...the word is near you, in your mouth and heart so obey it.
In what senses is the NC really new?
What does Scripture say is the primary difference between the OC and NC?
Jesus in the middle
2 Cor 3:14-18
Prove from Scripture that the NC gospel was taught by Moses during the Exodus.
The gospel that was preached in the past is the same as the gospel preached to us.
What is the biblical solution for a rebellious or legalistic response to God? What text explains how to move from works experience to faith experience?
2 Cor 3:16
What is historical and experiential covenants for OC?
Historical era covers period of spiritual history
OC before the advent of Christ
Experiential for OC is either the rebellion against God's law or a legalistic reliance on it as a means of achieving salvation through obedience.
What is historical and experiential covenant for NC?
Historical era covers period of spiritual history
NC with the advent of Christ
Experiential for NC represents acceptance of God's salvation by grace, through faith & reliance on HS to write God's law on heart for the empowerment of loving obedience & faithful witness.
What is the practical application of the conceptual distinction to the major controversial texts of the NT?
1. Hebrews 7:10-focuses on historical O&N covenants
2. Hebrews emphasizes Christ's fulfillment of the OT sacrificial & priesthood system, making the former ceremonial system obsolete.
3. I other epistles, Paul's contention w/ "the Law" seeks to rescue it from the misunderstanding & misapplication of it experienced by Israel & restore it to original grace based, gospel bearing, faith inducing, mission directed purpose.
Imagine that you are a pastor and one of your elders brings you a publication charging that the doctrine of the Trinity was rejected by the Adventist pioneers, because 1. it is not found in the Bible, but 2. originated in Roman Catholic theology. How would you respond?
1. The biblical teaching of the trinity is different from the traditional Roman Catholic & Classical Protestant doctrine of the Trinity in that the biblical teaching is derived from Scripture not Greek Philosophy as are the other 2.
2. All teachings not grounded in Scripture are rejected.
3. One God & 3 persons was found in Scripture.
4. The previous models beliefs came from God, time, existence ideas from Aristotle.
1st reference to everlasting covenant (whole earth involved)
Gen 15:6, 18
Abraham covenant-promise, faith, & Grace
You shall be to me a kingdom of priests
My Sabbaths you shall keep, for it is a sign between Me and you
Keeping mercy for thousands, forgiving iniquity and transgression and sin
I will walk among you and be your God and you shall be My people
Deut 4:12-13; 5:3
Covenant of law (10 commandments)
The earth is also defiled under its inhabitants. They have broken the everlasting covenant.
Do you not know...that the law has authority over a man only as long as he lives?
2 Cor 3
You are a letter...written not with ink, but with the Spirit of the living God, not on tablets of stone, but on tablets of human hearts.
2 Cor 3:16
Whenever anyone turns to the Lord the veil is taken away
Does God work miracles because you obey the law? No. It is because you believe.
Share the faith of those who listened to God
Could not enter in because of unbelieve
did not remain faithful.
Heb 7, 9, 10
The 1st covenant had ordinances and an earthly sanctuary-focuses on sacrificed priesthood
New Covenant-promise, faith, grace, love, Holy Spirit
Eternal covenant is the blood (redeems)
If anyone preaches to you a different gospel let him be accursed
The law brought us to Christ, but now we are no longer under the law.
We are not children of the slave woman, but of the free woman
The beginning of the everlasting covenant
The everlasting gospel
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