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diagnosis and treatment of the male urinary and reproductive systems and the female urinary system
physicians who specialize in clinical treatment of disorders of the female and the male urinary systems.
diagnosis and management of kidney disease, kidney transplantation, and dialysis therapies
specialize in the diagnosis and management of kidney disease, kidney transplantation, and dialysis therapies.
when urin is formed it is conveyed from each kidney through the ureters and stored in the ____.
when urin is formed it is conveyed from each kidney through the ureters and stored in the urinary bladder until it is expelled from the body through the ___ and urinary meatus.
when urin is formed it is conveyed from each kidney through the ureters and stored in the urinary bladder until it is expelled from the body through the urethra and ___.
conveys newly formed urine to the renal pelvis where it is excreted to the kidneys
End-stage renal disease
kidney disease that has advanced to the point that the kidneys can no longer adequately filter the blood and, ultimately, requires dialysis or renal transplantation for survival; also called chronic renal failure.
condition associated with pathological changes in the renal interstitial tissue that may be primary or due to a toxic agent, such as a drug or chemical, which results in destruction of nephrons and severe impairment in renal function
elevated level of urea and other nitrogenous waste products in the blood, as occurs in renal failure; also called azotemia
Blood urea nitrogen (BUN)
laboratory test that measures the amount of urea (nitrogenous waste product) in the blood and demonstrates the kidney's ability to filter urea from the blood for excretion in urine
Computed tomography (CT)
radiographic technique that uses a narrow beam of x-rays that rotates in a full arc around the patient to acquire multiple views of the body that a computer interprets to produce cross-sectional images of that body part
Kidney, ureter, bladder (KUB)
radiographic examination to determine the location, size, shape, and malformation of the kidneys, ureters, and bladder
radiographic study of the kidney, ureters, and usually the bladder after injection of a contrast agent
Intravenous pyelography (IVP)
radiographic imaging in which a contrast medium is injected intravenously and serial x-ray films are taken to provide visualization of the entire urinary tract; also called intravenous urography (IVU) or excretory urography (EU)
Retrograde pyelography (RP)
radiographic imaging in which a contrast medium is introduced through a cystoscope directly into the bladder and ureters using small-caliber catheters
nuclear medicine imaging procedure that determines renal function and shape through measurement of a radioactive substance that is injected intravenously and concentrates in the kidney
radiography of the bladder and urethra after filling the bladder with a contrast medium and during the process of voiding urine
mechanical filtering process used to cleanse blood of high concentrations of metabolic waste products, draw off excess fluids, and regulate body chemistry when kidneys fail to function properly
process of removing excess fluids and toxins from the blood by continually shunting (diverting) the patient's blood from the body in to a dialysis machine for filtering, and then returning the clean blood to the patient's body via tubes connected to the circulatory system
dialysis in which the patient's own peritoneum is used as the dialyzing membrane
organ transplant of a kidney in a patient with end-stage renal disease; also called kidney transplantation.
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