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World History-Test 4
Terms in this set (53)
Rome was established on what river?
The mountains that run down the middle of the Italian Peninsula are the
When Rome began to develop in Italy, portions of the peninsula were also inhabited by all the following peoples except the Etruscans, Greeks, Philistines, or Phoenicians.
In the Roman Senate each senator served for
was the first Roman law that was written down
The Law of Twelve Tables was important primarily because it...
the death of Pompeii
Which of the following occured last? the Law of Twelve Tables, the defeat of Hannibal, the death of Pompeii or the Third Punic War
The Carthaginians were descendants of Canaanites who had once lived in
defeat of Pyrrhus
Which of the following occurred first? Second Punic War, First Civil War, Ides(fifteenth) of March 44 BC or defeat of Pyrrhus.
Much of the First Punic War was fought over control of the island of
boarding their ships on planks
The Romans defeated the Carthaginians at sea during the First Punic War by
Hannibal began his march into Italy from
surrounding them on all sides.
At the Battle of Cannae, Hannibal defeated the Romans by
the Romans won all the land battles in Italy.
The Romans won the Second Punic War for all the following reasons except that....many of Rome's allies remained loyal to her, Hannibal was unable to besiege the city of Rome, the Romans won all the land battles in Italy or Scipio forced Hannibal to leave Italy.
Judging from what you know about the Third Punic War, you would understand the term Carthaginian Peace to mean a...
divide the "public lands" among the poor.
The Gracchi brothers wanted to
The victory of Sulla in the First Civil War increased the power of the....
was to difficult to turn.
The Romans use an army formation called a legion because the Greek phalanx...
making a fateful decision from which there is no turning back.
The Phrase "crossing the Rubicon" means
first century BC
Julius Caesar was assassinated in the ...
Pompey and Antony
After the death of Julius Caesar, Rome was ruled by...
What term did the Romans use to refer to the Mediterranean Sea?
What is the term for the "common people" such as farmers, traders, and craftsmen?
What was the authority of the Roman kind, symbolized by a bundle of rods enclosing an axe, called...
What is the famous of the Roman roads...
What was the term for the ten men chosen to protect the rights and interests of the common people?
By using what term meaning "I forbid" could tribunes stop unjust acts of patrician officials?
What was the North African city which rivaled Rome for Mediterranean trade?
Battle of Cannae
At which battle did Hannibal defeat Rome during the Second Punic War?
What were men who collected taxes in the provinces called?
Tiberius and Gaius Gracchi
Which two brothers tried to institute land reform?
Which ancient Rome province is today almost entirely included in modern France?
What term, from which we get the word "emperor", was given to the commander of a victorious army?
What Greek general who defeated the Romans on two occasions but at such cost that he lost the war?
Who invaded Italy through the Alps?
Who defeated Hannibal at Zama?
The senator who urged the Romans to destroy Carthage?
The first Roman to organize a professional army that served for financial gain rather than for patriotism?
Who sided with the Senate in the First Civil War?
Who was a member of a triumvirate with Julius Caesar and Pompey?
Who established a calendar that is the basis of our own?
Who was defeated by Julius Caesar and killed in Egypt?
Who was ruler of Egypt?
t or f: according to historical documentation, Romulus and Remus founded the city of Rome
t or f: The Roman Republic consisted of three branches of government: the consuls, the Senate, and the patricians.
t or f: During the early Republic, the plebeians were able to gain political and social rights by threatening to desert the army.
t or f: The plebeians were able to improve their political and social standing, but they were never allowed to be members of the Senate.
t or f: Rome treated her captives with mercy and fairness and, as a result, won their loyalty.
t or f: Hannibal was able to defeat the Roman army at Cannae because his army far out-numbered the Roman army.
t or f: During the period of the Roman conquests, the Senate was able to increase its power and to dominate the Republic.
t or f: The people were victorious over the Senate during the First Civil War when Marius was defeated by Sulla.
Senate- were able to make laws and had full power over Rome.
Patricians-helped with government but still pretty regular people.
plebians-commoners who had no help or power of the gov.
Name and fully describe the three distinct groups in Roman society/culture>.
June: Julius Caesar
Identify the two months from our calendar named after ancient Roman rulers as well as the names of the rulers themselves.
Name both the Roman god of war and the month of the calendar named after him.
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