10 terms

Ancient Near East - Gothic (Painting)

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Terms in this set (...)

Achilles and Ajax Amphora
Period: Ancient Greek - Archaic
Identifying Aspects: idealized, stylized, symmetrical, red and black figures
Artist: Unknown
Patron: Unknown
Name/Date: Amphora - 500BCE
Location: Greece
Medium: Ceramic
Function: A vessel
Context: Warriors would play games in order to pass time in between battles and they are depicted as warriors because they have their spears with them and are wearing armor.
Battle of Issus
Period: Ancient Greek - Late Classical
Identifying Aspects: realistic, depicted in 3/4 profile, modeling
Artist: Philoxenos of Eretria
Patron: Unknown
Name/Date: Battle of Issus - 350BCE
Location: Pompeii
Medium: Mosaic
Function: Depicts an important battle between the Persians and Alexander the Great
Context: This was found in the city of Pompeii and is a Roman copy. The victory of this battle was the beginning of the end of Persian rule.
Good Shepherd and Orants
No Image Available
Period: Early Christian
Identifying Aspects: Many symbols, classical influences, stylized
Artist: Unknown
Patron: Unknown
Name/Date: Good Shepherd & Orants - 400CE
Location: Rome
Medium: Tempera
Function: Placed at a catacomb to make sure the dead will ascend to heaven because of Christ being the Good Shepherd
Context: Christ being depicted as the Good Shepherd is used a lot in Early Christian painting.
Emperor Justinian
Period: Early Byzantine
Identifying Aspects: Flat bodies with 3D heads, faces are somewhat individualized, realistic, modeling, reverse perspective
Artist: Unknown
Patron: Bishop Ecclesius
Name/Date: Emperor Justinian - 600CE
Location: Ravenna, Italy
Medium: Tesserae
Function: Used as propaganda
Context: Justinian is depicted as the central figure with the halo around his head. He is the only one of the figures that is heaving detailed and individualized.
Empress Theodora
Period: Early Byzantine
Identifying Aspects: Flat bodies with 3D faces, somewhat individualized, reverse perspective, bright colors, modeling, realistic
Artist: Unknown
Patron: Bishop Ecclesius
Name/Date: Empress Theodora - 600CE
Location: Ravenna, Italy
Medium: Tesserae
Function: Used as propaganda
Context: She is clothed in very lavish articles and is wearing pearls, she is holding a chalice most likely to show the blood of Christ.
Virgin and Child
Period: Early Byzantine
Identifying Aspects: Halo, not individualized, all figures look the same, flat bodies with 3D heads, reverse perspective
Artist: Unknown
Patron: Unknown
Name/Date: Virgin and Child - 600 CE
Location: Egypt
Medium: Encaustic
Function: Functioned as an icon
Context: People would pray to this piece in order to make their prayers easier
Chi-Rho-Iota
No Image Available
Period: Early Middle Ages - Hiberno-Saxon
Identifying Aspects: Vibrant colors (reds and oranges), interlocking lines, patters, letters
Artist: Unknown
Patron: Unknown
Name/Date: Chi-Rho-Iota - 700CE
Location: Iona, Scotland
Medium: Tempera, Vellum
Function: Decoration for a book
Context: Manuscript illuminations were used in bibles to decorate the beginnings of each book. They contained symbols, the Greek letters stand for the first four letters of Christ.
Bayeux Tapestry
Period: Romanesque
Identifying Aspects: classical influences, pattern, stylized, realistic, modeling
Artist: Unknown
Patron: Bishop Odo
Name/Date: Bayex Tapestry - 1050CE
Location: France
Medium: Linen
Function: Shows events during the Norman Conquest of England
Context: Chronicles the battles that occurred between the Normans and English
Rose Window
Period: Gothic
Identifying Aspects: Stained glass window, vibrant colors, rose shape
Artist: Unknown
Patron: Queen Blanche of Castille
Name/Date: Rose Window - 1200CE
Location: Chartres, France
Medium: Stone, lead, glass
Function: Decoration for the inside of the cathedral
Context: The stained glass windows depicted different stories in the bible
Louis IX and Queen Blanche
No Image Available
Period: Gothic
Identifying Aspects: Colorful, naturalized, stylized, trifoils, patterns
Artist: Unknown
Patron: Queen Blanche of Castille
Name/Date: Louis IX and Queen Blanche - 1200CE
Location: Paris, France
Medium: Ink on Vellum
Function: Dedication page for a bible
Context: this is the dedication page for the people who helped create the bible

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