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15 terms

chapter 11-Emotion

STUDY
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emotion
state of arousal involving facial and bodily changes, brain activation, cognitive appraisals, subjective feelings, and tendencies toward action
primary emotions
emotions that are considered to be universal and biologically based; expressed by facial expressions and include fear, anger, sadness, joy, surprise, disgust, and contempt
secondary emotions
include all the variations and blends of emotion that vary from one culture to another or that depend on cognitive complexity
Paul Ekman
gathered abundant evidence for the universality of seven basic facial expressions of emotion; suggests an evolutionary piece
facial feedback
chemical loop - facial expressions not only reflect our internal feelings, but also influence them; example - we consciously decide to smile and positive feelings will increase
amygdala
area of the brain that scrutinizes information for its emotional importance; "fight or flight"
cerebral cortex
area of the brain that generates a more complete picture of a given situation; can override signals sent by the amygdala
mirror neurons
brain cells that fire when a person or animal observes others carrying out an action; involved in empathy, imitation, and reading emotions
mood contagion
the spreading of an emotion from one person to another
epinephrine and norepinephrine
chemical messengers that produce arousal and alertness; released by the adrenal glands during emotional states
Guilty Knowledge Test
series of multiple-choice questions, each offering one relevant answer about a crime under investigation and several neutral answers; designed so that an innocent suspect will not be able to discriminate the neutral choices from the relevant one
attributions
the explanations that people make of their own and other people's behavior
display rules
social and cultural rules that regulate when, how, and where a person may express (or suppress) emotions
emotion work
acting out an emotion that we don't really feel because we believe it is socially appropriate or expected
body language
nonverbal signals of body movement, posture, gesture, and gaze