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Social Chapter 4

STUDY
PLAY
frescoes
watercolor paintings done on wet plaster
shrines
areas dedicated to the honor of gods and goddesses
straits
narrow water passages
polis
city state
citizens
free residents
monarchy
a government in which a hereditary ruler exercises central power
aristocracy
rule by hereditary landholding elite
oligarchy
a form of government in which the power is in the hands of small wealthy elite
phalanx
a massive tactical formation of heavily armed foot soldiers
democracy
government by the people
tyrants
people who gained power by force
legislature
lawmaking body
alliance
formal agreement between two or more nations or powers to cooperate and to come to one another's defense
direct democracy
citizens take part in day to day affairs in the government
stipend
fixed salary
jury
a panel of citizens who have the authority to make the final judgement in a trial
ostracism
voted to be banished
philosophers
lovers of wisdom
logic
rational thinking
rhetoric
the art of skillful speaking
tradgedies
plays that told stories of human suffering that ussually ended in disaster
comedies
humourus plays that mocked people and customs
assassination
the murder of a public figure, ussually for political reasons
assimilated
absorbed
heliocentric
sun-centered, solar system