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Terms in this set (...)

analogy
A similarity or likeness between things (events, ideas, actions, trends) that are otherwise unrelated
onomatopoeia
FORMATION OR USE OF WORDS THAT IMITATE SOUNDS OF THE ACTIONS THEY REFER TO
alliteration
Repetition of consonance sounds at the start of a word or in a stressed syllable
allusion
A reference to another work of literature, person, or event
assonance
Repetition of a vowel sound
sonnet
14 line poem
oxymoron
A figure of speech that combines opposite or contradictory terms in a brief phrase.
pun
sharp and irritating to the senses
simile
A comparison using "like" or "as"
metaphor
A figure of speech in which an expression is used to refer to something that it does not literally denote in order to suggest a similarity.
fiction
A story that is not true or is made up
nonfiction
writing that tells about real people, places, and events
prediction
A statement of what will happen next in a sequence of events.
analyze
Examine methodically and in detail the constitution or structure of (something, esp. information), typically for purposes of explanation and interpretation.
inference
the act or process of inferring
draw conclusion
using what you have read to come to a conclusion or decision
summarize
Give the beginning, middle, and end ideas of the passage
brochures
small books or pamphlets that contain information
research reports
formal written reports of original research studies
editorial
An article giving opinions or perspectives
biography
A story about a person's life written by another person.
autobiography
An account of the writer's own life.
resource
a source of supply,support,or aid,especially one that can be readily drawn upon when needed.
thesaurus
A built-in reference for finding synonyms for words in a document.
atlas
A book of maps
almanac
calendar: an annual publication that includes a calendar for the year as well as astronomical information and details of anniversaries and events
appendix
supplementary material at the end of the book,article,document,or other text,usaually of an explanataory.
glossary
A list and definition of the business terms and concepts relevant to the solution being built or enhanced.
guide words
The words at the top of a dictionary page the tell you the first and last words on that page
compare/contrast
Finding similarities and differences between 2 things
cause/effect
The reason something happens and the result of it happening.
problem/solution
A text structure that presents a problem and offers solutions to solve the problem.
conflict/resolution
When a problem is presented and a solution is obtained.
sequential
arranged in a sequence; serial
plot
Sequence of events in a story
setting
The background against which action takes place.
main idea
what a piece of writing is mainly about
climax
Most exciting moment of the story; turning point
dialogue
Communication between two or more people
folktales
A fairy-tale type story coming from spoken tradition.
fables
A short story usually with animals as characters that teaches a lesson or moral
myths
A symbolic story expressing ideas about reality or spiritual history.
tall tales
a humorous story that tells about exaggerated or impossible events
historical fiction
A type of realistic fiction that takes place in a particular time period in the past. Often the setting is real, but the characters are made up from the author's imagination.
science fiction
A type of fantasy that uses science and technology. (Robots, time machines, etc.).
memoir
A type of autobiography that covers a short period of time in th
first person
"I" and "Me" standpoint. Personal perspective.
second person
The narrator tells a listener what he/she has done or said, using the personal pronoun "you." This point of view is rare.
third person
Narrator is not a character, but sees the world through only one character's eyes and thoughts
syllabes
smalled unit of speech
vowels/consonants
Vowels are shorter before voiceless consonants and longer before voiced consonants.
vcv
Vowel-consonant-vowel pattern in a word
context clues
Information from the reading that hints at a word's meaning.
prefix
A word or letter placed before the root.
suffix
A word or letter placed after the root.
root/base
the main part of a word to which prefixes and suffixes are attached.
latin/greek roots
Greek- anti, astron, autos, chorno
synonym
A word that means the same as another word
antonym
A word that means the opposite of another word
homonym
two words are homonyms if they are pronounced or spelled the same way but have different meanings
compound sentence
A sentence with two or more coordinate independent clauses, often joined by one or more conjunctions.
complex sentence
A sentence with one independent clause and at least one dependent clause
simple sentence
A sentence consisting of one independent clause and no dependent clause
nouns
person, place, thing, or idea
verbs
Action Words
adjectives
word used to modify or describe a noun or pronoun, such as "happy," "sad," or "pretty."
adverbs
Describe actions (verbs); often end in -ly
prepositions
a word that shows a relationship between nouns or pronouns and some other words in a sentence
conjunctions
words used to join words, phrases, or clauses
clause
group of words containing subject and a predicate
phrases
group of words that means something
subordinate clauses
does not express a complete thought and cannot stand by itself as a complete sentence
compound word
A compound word is made when two words are joined to form a new word.
compound subject
two or more subjects joined together usually by "and" or "or" that share a common verb