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History Exam 1 - Annie Nelson
Terms in this set (72)
how did the crusades influence European expansion?
developing an economic system based on the production of staple crops by slave labor
what was NOT critical to Portugal's early success in naval exportation
significant investment from joint stock companies
during Spanish efforts at colonization of native Americans civilizations, what did Jesuits NOT seek to do?
peacefully convert native Americans to Catholicism
what differentiates the 16th century from earlier periods in world history
extension of sugar production to the americas
what provided the base for the economy in New France
fur trading and wheat farming
what was Christopher Columbus a campaigner for?
ethnic treatment of Native American societies
how was liberty of conscience defended by Roger Williams?
on the ground that the state was an improper and ineffectual agency in matters of the spirit
what was provided for by the halfway covenant?
the baptism of children who's parents were baptized but unconverted
what did NOT aid in the establishment and growth of the colony of Jamestown?
the continued good relations with opechancanough
what was the most unusual feature of the charter of the Massachusetts bay colony
did not specify where the company's headquarters should be
what did NOT contribute to the success and stability of the New England colonies and the bare survival of the Chesapeake bay colonies
the fact that the women were treated more as equals in the New England colonies than they were in the Chesapeake bay region, making it more difficult to attract women to the Chesapeake bay
how did the English and Spanish colonial systems differ?
the English efforts were largely private and Spanish colonies were supported by the crown
what is true about the demographics in early Virginia and Maryland
the ethnicity of the population was affected by the choice of cash crop
what was NOT based on a system of slavery
the English head-rights system
why did the Dutch settle the New Netherlands
to expand their commercial and merchant network
what explains why Anne Hutchinson was banished by the Massachusetts bay officials
the fact that she challenged gender roles and Puritan orthodoxy
T or F: full conversion was not determined by the church community, but rather by the individual
F considering the Puritan conversion process
what influenced the ethnic diversity within the southern English colonies
the fact that the cash crop was produced
what was slavery population in the 17th century in British North America?
slaves accounted for more than 30% of the colonial population in the southern
what did colonial cities in both the north and south function primarily as?
mercantile centers for collecting agricultural goods and distributing imported manufactured goods
Harvard and Yale college were established primarily to?
ensure an adequate supply of ministers
why is mercantilism referred to as a zero-sum game?
it proposes that wealth is limited
what was NOT an emblematic of the tensions that had developed between the king and the Parliament?
The creation of the Imperial Federalist system
what did the economy of the new England colonies depend on?
shipbuilding, whaling, and trade with the west Indies
why did religious toleration further develop in the 18th-century?
The rise of evangelical sects meant no church was strong enough to gain dominance
what was NOT a characteristic of British colonies in North America?
disdain for British constitutional monarchy
what did African-American slaves brought to the British North America colonies do?
maintained cultural practices brought from Africa, especially in the lower south
which colony was NOT included in the dominion of New England?
what did mercantilism NOT entail?
colonies should develop manufacturing to export products to the mother country
what did it mean if a person migrated to America as a redemptioner?
you were in immigrant without means to immigrate
who established the idea of natural rights?
how was the anglicization of the role of colonial women exemplified?
A double standard that punished women, but not men, for sexual indiscretions
Country constitutions did not face more problems because why?
tension over the enumerated commodities
what English leader had policies that brought a British victory in the seven years war?
what accounts for variations in the organization of slave labor in the old South?
sickle cell anemia
what was most responsible for the growth in the American colonies between 1700 & 1770?
natural reproduction of colonial families
Who was the most important embodiment of enlightenment in America?
what was the largest colonial slave uprising to date?
the Stono rebellion in South Carolina
what did the French and Indian war NOT result in?
colonists beginning to think of themselves as an independent America, rather than English or British
what is the sugar act of 1764 best described by?
A determined effort that was made to collect the new tax to increase revenues to the crown
The Boston massacre trials in the Gaspee affair convinced the English that they should do what?
punish and make an example of groups rather than individuals
during the war for Independence, what was the principal reason the American government sought diplomatic recognition from foreign powers?
to facilitate the purchase of arms and borrowing money from other nations
correct chronological order of Boston tea party, Townsend duties, coercive acts, and Boston massacre
Townsend duties, Boston massacre, Boston tea party, coercive acts
in 1775, the second Continental Congress adopted what
The Olive branch petition declaring colonial loyalty to the crown
what were fundamentally designed to offset the cost of the seven years war and the continuing costs of colonial defense
The sugar, quartering, and stamp acts
British shot into a crowd, it was followed by a trial, was a failure of British coercion, and changed British quarters
after 1763, most American colonies were what?
impacted by the British imperial system
what was one of the major problems of the Confederation Congress?
it did not have the power to collect taxes
what does the Declaration of Independence reflect?
John Lockes contract theory of government
what act outraged the colonists?
The Quebec act
why did England lose the war?
The British government didn't believe it could win the war
T or F: people that fled America because they felt loyalty to the British crown were exclusively upper-class wealthy merchants
sons of liberty is to Stamp Act as daughters of liberty is to
coercive acts are to the first Continental Congress as the Gaspee affair is to
The committees of correspondence
The delay of the ratification of the articles of Confederation was caused by what?
The issue of whether Congress or the states would administer the lands in the west
one ongoing source of trouble between England and the United States after the revolution was what?
England's occupation of forts in the US owned territory bordering the Great Lakes
under the articles of Confederation:
measure passed by Continental Congress prohibiting slavery in the Western Territories above Ohio River
according to anti-Federalist, The important concern under the Constitution was what?
that a law passed in North Carolina may be overridden by congress
what was not a political theory adopted by our founding fathers?
The majorities rights dictate the rights of all individuals
what was the main difference of opinion between new England and southern colonies at the Continental Congress?
The method of determining representation
what is not properly associated with Jay's Treaty?
The US would be re-compensated for damages and lost cargo
in opposing ratification of the Constitution, anti-Federalist:
correct order as written in Constitution:
starts with necessary and proper clause
accurately describes function of elastic clause of Constitution
gives Congress greater powers than those explicitly delegated to it
in 1787 the constitution provided that the president and vice president
would be chosen by in an electoral college
argument over Presidents title was
part of the process that determined whether the new government would be Republican or courtly in style
The Judiciary act of 1789
established a six-member Supreme Court and set up the federal district and circuit court system
citizen Edmond Genêt caused trouble during Washington's presidency by
sending privateers to attack English ships and threaten to attack Spanish New Orleans
The first contested presidential election in the US was in what year?
The land ordinance of 1785 provided for
A system of public land survey and sale
The Federalist papers were written to
Aid the ratification process in New York
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