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13 terms

pseudoreasoning

STUDY
PLAY
smokescreen
bringing up an irrelevant topic to draw attention away from the issue at hand
subjectivist fallacy
asserting that a claim may be true for one person but not another
appeal to belief
urging acceptance of a claim simply because some selection of other people believe it
common practice
justifying an action or practice on the grounds that lots of people engage in it
peer pressure
accepting a claim simply because we believe it will gain us approval from our friends or associates, where that approval is irrelevant to the truth of the claim
bandwagon
supporting a position, candidate, or policy simply because we think it is going to win or become the dominant alternative
wishful thinking
believing that a claim is more likely to be true just on the basis of our desire that it be true
scare tactics
accepting or urging acceptance of a claim on grounds of fear, when the threat is not relevant to the issue addressed by the claim
appeal to pity
accepting or urging acceptance of a claim on grounds of pity, when the appeal is not relevant to the issue addressed by the claim
apple polishing
accepting or urging acceptance of a claim on grounds of vanity, allowing praise of oneself to substitute for judgment about the truth of a claim
sarcasm
making someone the butt of a joke or humorous remark in an effort to get him or her to accept a claim, or accepting a claim simply to keep from being the butt of such a remark
appeal to anger
substituting anger or indignation for reason and judgment when taking a side on an issue
two wrongs make a right
someone did something to you so you should do something to them to make it even