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DROD Chapter 3 Part A Test
Terms in this set (98)
Good news (evangelium(Greek), godspell(Middle English)
Matthew, Mark, Luke, John, acts of the apostles, letter/epistles, revelation
Letters/epistles, Mark, Matthew/Luke, acts of the apostles, John, revelation
Acts of the Apostles
Development of the early church, Paul's 3 missionary journeys , spread in Roman Empire
Written by Paul in order to help instruct the newly formed churches on Christian beliefs (to specific cities)
letters written to the universal church
Letter to the Hebrews
emphasizes Christ's superiority over all creation (unknown author)
Who wrote the Letters/Epistles?
Peter, John, James, Jude
Who wrote Revelation?
What do people think revelation is about?
The end of the world
What is revelation actually about?
Early christian persecution
What type of writing is found in revelation?
Who are the evangelists?
Mark, Matthew, Luke, John
Mark - years
Mark - audience
Mark - portrait of Jesus
Mark - nature stressed
Matthew - years
Matthew - audience
Matthew - geneology
Matthew - portrait of Jesus
Matthew - nature stressed
Luke - years
Luke - audience
Greek Gentile Christians (women, poor, outcasts)
Luke - geneology
John - years
John - audience
Christians of all backgrounds
John - geneology
John Portrait of Jesus
John - nature stressed
What are the Synoptic Gospels?
Matthew, Mark, Luke
Gospels with similar views of Jesus
What fulfilled the prophecies and promises of the Old Testament and achieved our salvation?
Jesus' birth, life, death and resurrection
What are the gospels?
Testimonies of faith
What do the four gospels do?
Paint the most complete picture of the saving deeds of Jesus
Manifestation to the world of the newborn Christ as Messiah, son of god, and savior of the world
The belief that Mary was conceived without Original Sin
Blessed Mary's song of praise to the Lord found in Luke's gospel (sometimes called canticle of Mary)
Zechariah praises God using this prayer for remembering the promises he made to David for the Salvation of the Jews (Latin for blessing)
Stories about the events before, during, and shortly after the birth of Jesus
Why did only Matthew and Luke include infancy narratives?
Mark doesn't have because he only wrote the super important stuff (writing during a time when people thought the world was going to end)
Why is Christmas celebrated on December 25th?
9 months after the annunciation, winter solstice, feast day of sun Apollo (Constantine trying to combat pagans)
What does x-mas mean?
Christmas (x is the first letter of Christ in greek)
What do the differences in Matthew and Luke's infancy narratives reflect?
Their respective audiences
What was Matthew chiefly concerned about showing?
How Jesus fulfilled God's promises to the Jews
Similarities in Matthew and Luke's infancy narratives
Highlight Jesus's identity
Angel foretold birth
Jesus conceived by Holy Spirit (he is son of god)
Jesus born of Virgin Mary, as prophesized
His foster father (Joseph) was of the house of David
Jesus was born in Bethlehem, as prophesized in Micah 5:1
What does the opening story of Matthew's gospel do?
Link Jesus' ancestry to Abraham, father of Jews, and to King David
Who sees angels in Matthew's gospel?
What does Matthew show about Jesus' birth?
Fulfills Old Testament prophesies, God's promise to Kind David, and links between Jesus' foster father, Joseph and OT Joseph
What does the visit of the Magi represent?
the Lord's willingness to accept Gentiles among those who worship him
What are the three gifts brought by the Magi?
Myrrh (humanity), gold (kingship), frankincense (divinity)
What do the Magi represent?
Gentiles who will accept Jesus
Does Matthew have a birth story?
Who includes the visit of the magi in their gospel?
What does Jesus' flight into Egypt and the massacre of the infants recall?
Moses' escape from pharaoh (portraying Jesus as the new lawgiver)
What does Jesus' return to Nazareth do?
Recalls the exodus and presents Jesus as the definitive liberator of God's people
Was their an actual star in the sky when Jesus was born?
Yes, a supernova
Religious truths in Matthew's version
Jesus is the messiah
Jesus was accepted by gentiles(magi) and rejected by Jews
Jesus is the "New Moses"
Abortion (massacre of infants)
Who was Luke's gospel written for?
Women, poor, outcasts (gentile Christians)
Key Themes of Luke
Jesus' preachings to outcasts, Jesus' journey to Jerusalem, where salvation is achieved
What is the climax of Luke's gospel?
Jerusalem (death and resurrection)
Who sees angels in Luke's gospel?
Everybody except Joseph
Announcement of John the Baptist's Birth
John portrayed as a New Elijah, announcing the coming of the promised Messiah
What happened when Gabriel told Zechariah Elizabeth was going to bear a son (John)?
He didn't believe him > mute for 9 months
What was the first thing Zechariah said after being mute for 9 months?
"His name shall be John"
Announcement of the Birth of Jesus
Annunciation (Gabriel told Mary she would conceive the son of the most high by the Holy Spirit, which she humbly accepted)
How can we infer that Mary had seen angels before Gabriel?
Perplexed, but not scared when she sees Gabriel
What is the first thing Gabriel says to Mary?
Hail Mary full of grace, the lord is with thee
Sanction (Mary's yes)
Mary visits Elizabeth
Visitation (Elizabeth acknowledges Mary as the mother of God)
What does Elizabeth say to Mary?
Blessed are you among women and blessed is the fruit of your womb
What does Mary respond to Elizabeth?
Magnificat (song borrowed from Hannah - infertile, got pregnant with Samuel)
Birth of John the Baptist
John's father offers a prayer known as the "Benedictus" (canticle of Zechariah)
What does Zechariah do in the "Benedictus"?
Praises god for remembering promises he made to David, recognizes prophetic role of his son
Birth of Jesus
Jesus is born in the birthplace of David yet in humble circumstances and surrounded by humble people (like shepherds)
What does the birth of Jesus convey?
Luke's theme of Jesus' mission to the low and outcast
What guides the magi?
Who includes the shepherds in their gospel?
What guides the shepherds?
Jesus' circumcision and presentation in the temple
Prophets Simeón and Anna recognized Jesus as the expected Messiah
How many days after birth is circumcision?
How many days after birth is presentation?
The Finding of Jesus in the Temple
Teaching of the 12 year old impressed teachers
How many days does Jesus get lost in the temple?
3 days (resurrection)
What does Jesus in the temple prefigure?
Jesus returning to temple as an adult and confound the learned scribes and rabbi
What is the last thing in Luke's gospel?
Religious Truths in the gospel of Luke
Jesus is a messiah
Mary and Fiat
When does John begin his gospel?
Before creation of the world
What does John call Jesus?
What does the prologue of John's gospel teach?
The word of God became flesh in the person of Jesus Christ (incarnation)
Where is John's genealogy located?
What is the dogma revealed in John's gospel?
Christ is both true God and true man
Purpose of the Incarnation (according to catechism)
to save us by reconcoiling us w God
to know God's love
to provide a model of holiness
"to make us partakers of the divine nature"
God's love made visible and tangible
What is Jesus the sacrament of?
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