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Arts and Humanities
History of the Americas
HIST200 Exam #1
Terms in this set (44)
1607 - The first permanent English settlement in North America, found in East Virginia
1676 - Nathaniel Bacon and other western Virginia settlers were angry at Governor Berkley for trying to appease the Doeg Indians after the Doegs attacked the western settlements. The frontiersmen formed an army, with Bacon as its leader, which defeated the Indians and then marched on Jamestown and burned the city. The rebellion ended suddenly when Bacon died of an illness. first rebellion in the colonies. Because of High Taxes.
1620 - The first agreement for self-government in America. It was signed by the 41 men on the Mayflower and set up a government for the Plymouth colony. it was the first democratic government to be established in the colonies - The colonists agreed to choose their leaders and make their own laws which they agreed to follow
1700's - English preacher who led the Great Awakening by traveling through the colonies. He became a religious icon who spread a message of personal salvation and a more democratic Christianity
Proclamation Line of 1763
prohibited colonists from settling west of the Appalachian mountains.
1765; law that taxed printed goods, including: playing cards, documents, newspapers, etc.
1776: a pamphlet written by Thomas Paine that claimed the colonies had a right to be an independent nation. Easy to read
Revolutionary War - German mercenaries hired by British Army. The term "Hessians" refers to the approximately 30,000 German troops hired by the British to help fight during the American Revolution. They were principally drawn from the German state of Hesse-Cassel, although soldiers from other German states also saw action in America
1787 - a law passed by Congress that specified how western lands would be governed; Northwest Expansion. The Northwest Ordinance, adopted July 13, 1787, by the Second Continental Congress, chartered a government for the Northwest Territory, provided a method for admitting new states to the Union from the territory, and listed a bill of rights guaranteed in the territory
The Great Compromise
1787 - Compromise made by Constitutional Convention in which states would have equal representation in one house (Senate) of the legislature and representation based on population in the other house (House of Reps)
Washington's Farewell Address
1796 - Warned Americans not to get involved in European affairs, not to make permanent alliances, not to form political parties. The US took Washington's advice on avoiding permanent military alliances until 1949 when the US joined NATO
Report on the Public Credit
1790 - proposed by Hamilton to repair war debts; selling of securities and federal lands, assumption of state debts, set up the first National Bank
1803 - purchase by the United States of France's Louisiana territory for $15million (Mississippi River-Rocky mountains); Napoleon sold so low due to Haitian revolution. Went against Jefferson's ideals but he did it anyways. Image result for louisiana purchase importance
The Louisiana Purchase is important because it gave the U.S. control of the Mississippi River and the port city of New Orleans, both of which were used by farmers to ship their crops and get paid.
Marbury v. Madison
1803 - This case establishes the Supreme Court's power of Judicial Review (unconstitutional laws/actions can be denied. important because it was the first Supreme Court case to apply the principle of judicial review, the power of federal courts to void acts of Congress that were in conflict with the Constitution
1607 - Chief of the Powhatan Confederacy and father to Pocahontas. Lived near Jamestown settlement, pretended to almost kill John Smith
1630 - Puritan leader who became the first governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony
Salem Witch Trials
1692 - outbreak of witchcraft accusations in a Massachusetts Bay puritan village marked by an atmosphere of fear, hysteria and stress. Spectral evidence was used frequently.
In 1763-1764, the Scots-Irish led the armed march of the Paxton Boys. The Paxton's led a march on Philadelphia to protest attacks in the Lehigh Valley and Quaker's peaceful treatment of the Indians which led to this event.
1763-64 - A Native American religious prophet who, by preaching pan-Indian unity and rejection of European technology and commerce, helped inspire Pontiac's Rebellion.
17th century English philosopher who opposed the Divine Right of Kings and who asserted that people have a natural right to life, liberty, and property. "Social Contract" heavily influenced Constitution. "father of liberalism"
Battle of Saratoga
1777 - American victory over British troops that was a turning point in the American Revolution.
A 1787 rebellion in which ex-Revolutionary War soldiers attempted to prevent foreclosures of farms as a result of high interest rates and taxes. The rebellion is important because it is seen as one of the major factors that led to the writing of the new Constitution.
Shays' Rebellion led rather directly to the writing of the Constitution. Shays' Rebellion happened because farmers were facing major economic problems. They could not get enough money to pay their taxes or their debts. Because they could not pay, many of them were having their land taken away from them.
1788 - Essays written by Hamilton, Jay, & Madison (Publius) to support ratification of the U.S. Constitution
1787 - slave counted as 3/5 of a person for population in congress.
Bank of the United States
1791 - Proposed by Alexander Hamilton as the basis of his economic plan. He proposed a powerful private institution, in which the government was the major stockholder. This would be a way to collect and amass the various taxes collected. It would also provide a strong and stable national currency. Jefferson vehemently opposed the bank; he thought it was un-constitutional. nevertheless, it was created. This issue brought about the issue of implied powers. It also helped start political parties, this being one of the major issues of the day.
Alien and Sedition Acts
1793 - acts passed by federalists giving the government power to imprison or deport foreign citizens and prosecute critics of the government
VA and KY Resolutions
1798-99 - Written anonymously by Jefferson and Madison in response to the Alien and Sedition Acts, they declared that states could nullify federal laws that the states considered unconstitutional.
Battle of New Orleans
1815 - A battle during the War of 1812 where the British army attempted to take New Orleans. Due to the foolish frontal attack, Jackson defeated them, which gave him an enormous popularity boost.
Because the decisive victory was followed shortly afterward by news of a peace treaty, many Americans at the time mistakenly believed the Battle of New Orleans had won the war. The Battle of New Orleans is also important because it propelled Andrew Jackson to fame as a war hero
1823 - A statement of foreign policy which proclaimed that Europe should not interfere in affairs within the United States or in the development of other countries in the Western Hemisphere.
The European powers, according to Monroe, were obligated to respect the Western Hemisphere as the United States' sphere of interest. President James Monroe's 1823 annual message to Congress contained the Monroe Doctrine, which warned European powers not to interfere in the affairs of the Western Hemisphere
Colonial times - A contractual system in which someone sells his or her body (services) for a specified period of time in an arrangement very close to slavery, except that it is voluntary entered into.
1630's - American colonist (born in England) who was banished from Boston for her religious views, challenged male authority
Anne Hutchinson was famous as one of the early colonists of the Massachusetts Colony who was banished from Boston in 1637 for her religious and feminist beliefs and fled to the Rhode Island Colony
If an individual's beliefs and conduct were strictly matters between that person and God, then what was the need for ministers and government officials?
1600's - He founded Rhode Island for separation of Church and State. He believed that the Puritans were too powerful and was ordered to leave the Massachusetts Bay Colony for his religious beliefs.
1754 - A hastily built British fort where Washington attempted to defeat the French. Washington's only surrender, sparks 7 Year's War. first attack of the seven years war.
1700's - An economic policy under which nations sought to increase their wealth and power by obtaining large amounts of gold and silver and exporting more than importing. Modernized parts of europe and america.
1774 - This series of laws were very harsh laws that intended to make Massachusetts pay for its resistance. It also closed down the Boston Harbor until the Massachusetts colonists paid for the ruined tea. Also forced Bostonians to shelter soldiers in their own homes.
Late 1700's - John Adam's wife, she appealed to her husband to protect the rights of women ("remember the ladies")
"Not Worth a Continental"
1775 - Growth of money supply caused depreciation of Continental currency, which was first issued during Revolutionary War. Money wasn't circulating, things with no value were considered "Not worth a continental"
After the American Revolutionary War began in 1775, the Continental Congress began issuing paper money known as Continental currency, or Continentals. ... Continental currency depreciated badly during the war, giving rise to the famous phrase "not worth a continental"
Bill of Rights
1791 - First 10 amendments to the Constitution, helped in ratification
Federalists argued that the Constitution did not need a bill of rights, because the people and the states kept any powers not given to the federal government. Anti-Federalists held that a bill of rights was necessary to safeguard individual liberty.
1794 protest against the government's tax on whiskey by backcountry farmers
The so-called "whiskey tax" was the first tax imposed on a domestic product by the newly formed federal government. Colonists just fought to free themselves from taxation without representation, and then the new government started taxing a product (alcohol) that many people used as currency.
French diplomat who in 1793 tried to draw the United States into the war between France and England
First Bank of the United States
bank set up in 1791 to hold government deposits and to issue paper money to pay government bills, 20 year charter.
The First Bank of the United States was needed because the government had a debt from the Revolutionary War, and each state had a different form of currency. It was built while Philadelphia was still the nation's capital. Alexander Hamilton conceived of the bank to handle the colossal war debt — and to create a standard form of currency.
Revolution of 1800
1800 - Jefferson's election changed the direction of the government from Federalist to Democratic- Republican, so it was called a "revolution."
Era of Good Feelings
A name for President Monroe's two terms, a period of strong nationalism, economic growth, and territorial expansion. Since the Federalist party dissolved after the War of 1812, there was only one political party and no partisan conflicts.
"Compromise of 1820" over the issue of slavery in Missouri. It was decided Missouri entered as a slave state and Maine entered as a free state and all states North of the 36th parallel were free states and all South were slave states.
Recommended textbook explanations
HMH Social Studies American History: Reconstruction to the Present Guided Reading Workbook
United States History: Beginnings to 1877
Deborah Gray White, William Deverell
United States History: Independence to 1914 (California)
Deborah Gray White, William Deverell
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