AP Human Geography: Chapter 3 - Migration
Terms in this set (33)
Form of relocation diffusion involving permanent move to a new location.
Migration from a location.
Migration to a new location.
The difference between the level of immigration and the level of emigration.
All types of movement from one location to another.
The space within which daily activity occurs. This may refer to one person or and entire culture. People move and find new activity space when other people infringe on their space.
Short-term, repetitive, or cyclical movements that recur on a regular basis. This type of migration usually involves seasonally moving livestock to areas where food is more plentiful.
Factor that motivates people to leave old residences.
Factor that motivates people to move to a new location.
People who are forced to migrate from their home country and cannot return for fear of persecution because of their race, religion, nationality, membership in a social group, or political opinion. Often these people migrate to another country to avoid war, political violence, and natural disasters, such as famine and flooding.
Mental, cultural, economic, political, or physical challenges that prevent migration. Migrants turn back or otherwise abort their migration because of negative factors.
Permanent movement from one country to another.
Permanent movement within a particular country.
Permanent movement from one region of a country to another.
Permanent movement within one region of a country.
Permanent movement undertaken by choice.
Permanent movement compelled usually by the government or other cultural factors.
Change in the migration pattern in a society that results from industrialization, population growth, and other social and economic changes that also produce the demographic transition. For example, industrialization may encourage more migration to an area, while rapid population growth may encourage more migration from an area.
People who enter a country without proper documents. Aka undocumented immigrants.
Migration of people to a specific location because relatives or members of the same nationality previously migrated there.
In reference to migration, laws that place maximum limits on the number of people who can immigrate to a country each year.
Large-scale emigration by talented people.
Workers who migrate to the more developed countries of Northern and Western Europe, usually from Southern of Eastern Europe or from North Africa, in search of higher-paying jobs.
Net migration from urban to rural areas in more developed countries.
This theory predicts when a migrant is most likely to relocate. Personal characteristics such as age, socioeconomic status, education, and health influence one's decision to migrate. Migrants most likely fall within the 18-30 year old range.
Type of diffusion that refers to the physical movement, or migration of people from one place to another.
Theory that examines the development of a person's life from the fetal stage until advanced stage. The approach works across disciplines - psychology, biology, geography, economics - to understand influences on individual development. Geographers apply this school of thought to the study of motivating factors regarding migration, settlement, economic activity, and environmental interaction.
A positive circumstance that encourages migrants to change their intended destination when they encounter another place that offers favorable cultural, economic, political, or physical conditions.
The tendency of a phenomenon to lessen as it moves farther away from its hearth (origin). This decay often becomes apparent among migrant populations who have left their cultural hearth and assimilate into the new culture.
This type of migration refers to the movement of people from rural areas to urban areas. People typically leave sparsely settled countryside or wilderness areas to pursue better opportunities in towns and cities.
British demographer who sought an answer to "why people voluntarily migrate." He studied internal migration in England and proposed the laws of migration involving the use of Pull and Push factors. Believed young adults were the most prone to migration.
someone who smuggles illegal immigrants into the United States (usually across the Mexican border)
The seasonal migration of livestock between mountains and lowland pastures.