Sociology: Inequality and Globalization

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Terms in this set (...)

globalization
the widening,deepening, and speeding up of global interconnectedness
-interweaving of markets, technology, information systems and telecommunications systems in a way that is shrinking the world from medium to small, enabling us to reach around the world farther, faster, deeper, and cheaper than ever before
Economic globalization
the increasing economic integration and interdependence of national, regional, and local economies across the world through an intensification of cross-border movement of goods, services, technologies and capital
Cultural globalization
the transmission of ideas, meanings, and values around the world in such a way as to extend and intensify social relations
5 components of culture
norms, values, artifacts, language, and symbols
standpoint of globalization: pros
pros: global market for goods, technology spreads to other areas, which allows for improvement. International governing bodies, acceptance of other cultures, spreading of ideas, cheaper goods, better relationships with other nations
standpoint of globalization: cons
global stratification is unequal distribution of wealth, power, and prestige on a global basis. The wealth gap is increasing, causing the poor to be poorer. It isn't necessarily helping everyone, inequality is increasing and people can't really access the things they need to be healthy. Illness also spread to other nations, people steal other nations ideas
four traps
-landlocked: highly isolated, culturally isolated, therefore resist more cultural change
-health
-politics/policy
-war/genocide
made up by Collier
What do these traps do to these nations?
according to Collier, these traps cause these countries to be trapped where they can't get grow at all, many of these countries end up having bad governance and they continue to be like that, basically helpless
world-systems theory
wallerstein says is is looking at the world at a micro-level
- core(highly developed, well off, capitalist, consumers, high end clothing and accessories)
- semi-periphery(middle income, developing, shipping and receiving, means of production)
- periphery(lower income, low degrees of development or developing, means of production and laborers(cheap), raw goods, waste given by CORE
Global stratification
unequal distribution of wealth, currently the income gap is increasing more and more, the poor becoming poorer. Africa is largely suffering from poverty
*Brazil gets assistance from Nestle, who provides commodity foods
Food Scarcity
we don't have enough food to feed people, there isn't enough land to grow food, therefore there are not enough food products
Actual Causes of hunger
not everyone can access healthy foods, this is due to inequality and policy, we can fix the system and environmentally watch how we deal with water and pesticides
policy: food aid policy, food going to places that actually don't really need it, agriculture- water and pesticides, it is a human right to be fed
Inequality: ethnic divisions- civil wars, poverty, distribution, education then leads to worse jobs and not enough money to support, health and healthcare
globalization positively impacts health
people are dying from stupid deaths so they can get info from other countries on what to do, professionals can flow between countries, where they may bring along info with them, ex in Nepal, people are having to under C-sections and it rare, yet in the US that is something that most people die from
globalization negatively impacts health
globalization causes income gap to increase, making the populations with less income less healthy, they can't access healthy foods *commodity foods in Brazil
Fundamental Social Causes of Diseases
-they determine the social conditions under which individual risk factors are related to disease
-Socioeconomic status, race and gender are the key variables in regard to health, illness, and longevity
-African American women have higher death rates, much of it has to do with Africa having the food source bad due to expenses and access, they also aren't supplied with much help when dealing with illnesses
-stress is usually a huge indicator, if u have experienced it in early stages of your life
-the USA has the best educated doctors and best hospitals, yet poorest results due to inequality
-technically poor people can get what they want in their poor countries, the US has higher standards so those who are poor can't get access to what they need
Health Disparities
preventable differences in the burden of disease, injury, violence, or opportunities to achieve optimal health that are experienced by socially disadvantaged populations
-when it comes to differences in longevity, quality of life, rates of disease, disability, death, access to treatment
-directly related to the historical and current unequal distribution of social, political, economic, and environmental resources
structural violence
Paul Farmer defines it as
-a way of describing social arrangements that put individuals and populations in harm's way
stupid deaths
Paul Farmer says this is:
-people die from diseases which safe, effective, and affordable treatments exist
-usually caused by structural violence
how to we prevent stupid deaths?
we can address the fundamental causes and change policies, it is because of lack of access, so we need things to be accessible
relationship between culture, globalization, wealth, health, and human rights
human rights are being impeded because there is lack of access to health impacts, driven by wealth, since it has to do with wealth, these health pieces are not offered to all