30 terms

Ch 13 WH

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What distinguished the empires of Western Europe from other empires
They were initiated by maritime expansion
Which region experienced the least amount of racial mixing and the least recognition of the offspring?
British North America
Portugal, Spain, France, and Britain were the first to expand into the New World because.....
They were on the Atlantic coast and were closer to the Americas
Why did some Native Americans aid the Spanish in their initial invasion of the new world?
To gain an advantage against their own enemies
The colonial economy of the Spanish Empire in former Aztec and Inca lands was.....
based on commercial agriculture and mining
The Mughal ruler Akbar favored policies that promoted .....
a cosmopolitan and hybrid Indian-Persian- Turkic culture
What is a feature of Qing China's policy towards its possessions in central Asia?
Respect for the different cultures of the region
How did Chinese and Russian expansion into Central Asia affect the peoples in the steppe lands?
No political independence and economic prosperity
What was a result of the Ottoman Empire's policy towards Christian's
Christian communities had autonomy over their own affairs
What was an outcome of the establishment of European empires in the America?
The emergence of Atlantic world connecting four continents
What did the introduction of domesticated animals into the Americas make possible?
Ranching economies
How did silver from the mines in Mexico and Peru affect international commerce>
It enabled Europeans to buy Chinese silk, tea, and porcelain
what policy reflected mercantilist thinking?
accumulating precious metals
What dominated the agricultural economy in British North America?
Small scale independent farmers working their own land
What was a reason Russia expanded beginning in the 16th century
to secure borders from attack
What happened to the Siberian native population as a consequence of Russian imperial expansion
Assimilation
Which empire did expansion occur at the same time that distinctive state was taking shape
Russian
What contributed to the growth of Hindu opposition to Mughal rule in the late 17th century?
reinstatement of the jizya
What offered christian men a means of upward mobility in the Ottoman Empire
Devshirme
What 15th century event signaled that the islamic world's upper hand over the Christian World?
The Ottoman conquest of Constantinople
What resulted from Russia's westward expansion in the 17th and 18th centuries ?
A program of westernization in Russia
What was not a factor preventing Europe from establishing colonies in Africa
Inferior weapons technology
which monarchy had largest contiguous land empire in history?
Russian
How did Native Americans in Mesoamerica respond to Spanish efforts convert to Catholicism?
They blended their old customs into catholic practices
What motivated Europeans to venture across the Atlantic Ocean?
Rivalries between competing European states
What describes slavery in Latin America?
Large-scale importation of slaves into the 19th century
In contrast to the Spanish colonists in Latin America, British colonists in North America.....
sought escape not to re-create old traditions in the americas
Which neighboring region did the Russian empire gain the most land during the Romanov dynasty?
Siberia and central asia
moving Russian capital to which city indicated a shift toward the west under Peter the Great
St. Petersburg
The colonial economy of the Spanish Empire in former aztec and Inca lands as....
based on commercial agriculture and mining