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n vacillate

waver (in opinion); fluctuate; sway to and fro; N. vacillation

n vacuous

empty; lacking in ideas; inane; stupid; Ex. vacuous expression; N. vacuity


wanderer (without a permanent home); tramp

s tramp

walk with a heavy step; travel on foot; N: vagrant; one who travels aimlessly about; long walk; sound of heavy walking

s trample

step heavily with the feet; crush under the feet

s tread

walk; trample; N: grooved face of a tire; horizontal part of a step

n vagary

capricious happening; caprice; whim; CF. wander


wandering from place to place; roving; stray; moving in a random fashion; Ex. vagrant thoughts; N. vagrancy


homeless wanderer

n vainglorious

boastful; excessively conceited; N. vainglory: great vanity


pertaining to farewell; N: farewell address (esp. at graduation exercises)

s valediction

saying farewell; expression of leave-taking

s leave-taking

farewell or departure


logically convincing; sound; legally acceptable; effective; Ex. valid reasoning/passport

s sound

in good condition; showing good judgment or good sense; thorough; complete; Ex. sound mind/investment/training


make valid; confirm; ratify


bravery; ADJ. valiant: possessing valor; brave


ghostly being that sucks the blood of the living

n vanguard

forerunners; foremost position of an army; advance forces; foremost position in a trend or movement; CF. rearguard

s avantgarde

group of artists whose work is based on the newest ideas and methods; CF. vanguard


position giving an advantage (such as a strategic point); CF. vantagepoint

n vapid

lacking liveliness; dull and unimaginative; insipid and flavorless; Ex. vapid lecture


turn into vapor (steam, gas, fog, etc.)

n variegated

(esp. of a flower or leaf) many-colored

s variegate

change the appearance of (by marking with different colors)

n vassal

in feudalism, one who held land of a superior lord; subordinate or dependent

n vaunted

boasted; bragged; highly publicized; V. vaunt: boast; brag

n veer

change in direction; swerve

n vegetate

live in a monotonous way (without interests or activity); CF. vegetation: plants of an area; CF. vegetarian; CF. vegan


forceful; intensely emotional; with marked vigor; strong; N. vehemence



n venal

capable of being bribed; corrupt; CF. vernal

n vendetta

blood feud (esp. between two families); CF. Nina Williams



n veneer

thin surface layer (of good quality wood, glued to a base of inferior material); cover; surface show; fa\c{c}ade; V.

n venerable

deserving high respect; commanding respect; CF. command: deserve and get

n venerate

revere; treat with great respect

n venial

(of a fault or sin) forgivable; trivial

n venison

meat of a deer; CF. cow: beef; CF. pig: pork, ham, bacon; CF. calf: veal; CF. sheep: mutton; CF. lamb: lamb

n venom

poison (of an animal); hatred; Ex. remarks full of venom; ADJ. venomous

n vent

small opening; outlet (as of fumes or a gas); Ex. He gave vent to his anger by kicking the chair.

n vent

release or discharge through a vent; express (esp. unfairly); utter; Ex. He vented his wrath on his family.

s ventilate

admit fresh air into to replace stale air

n ventral



someone who can make his or her voice seem to come from another person or thing (without moving lips or jaws); N. ventriloquism, ventriloquy


risk; expose to risk; dare; undertake a risk; N.

s brave

face courageously; Ex. brave the storm


(of a person) bold; adventurous; daring; (of an action) risky

n venue

location; place (of a crime, trial, gathering, etc.); CF. come

n veracious

(of a person) truthful

n veracity

truthfulness; adherence to the truth


put into words; ADJ. verbal: of words; spoken rather than written; oral; of a verb


word for word; in the same words; repeating the actual words exactly


pompous array of words; too many unnecessary words; wordiness


wordy; N. verbosity

n verdant

green; covered with green plants or grass; lush in vegetation; Ex. verdant meadows

s lush

(of a plant or grass) growing very well

n verdigris

green coating or patina on copper which has been exposed to the weather


border; edge, rim, or margin; Ex. on the verge of: very near to; V: border on

n verisimilar

having the appearance of truth or reality; probable or likely to be true; plausible

n verisimilitude

appearance of truth; quality of appearing to be true or real; likelihood; Ex. verisimilitude of her performance as Lady Macbeth

n veritable

being truly so; real or genuine; actual; not false or imaginary


quality of being true; lasting truth or principle; Ex. the verity of his testimony; Ex. one of the eternal verities

n vernacular

living language (as compared to the official language); language spoken in a country or region; natural style; Ex. lapse into the vernacular

n vernal

pertaining to spring


having many talents; capable of working in many fields; having many uses or functions; N. versatility


summit; highest point; PL. vertices


severe dizziness; giddiness

n verve

enthusiasm (as in artistic performance or composition); liveliness; vigor


trace; remains; Ex. vestiges of some ancient religion

s veto

vested power to reject a bill; exercise of this right; V: prevent or forbid by exercising the power of veto


annoy; distress


capable of maintaining life; feasible; practical or workable; Ex. viable scheme

n viand

food; CF. live

n vicarious

experienced as if one were taking part in the experience of another; done by a deputy for other people; acting as a substitute; Ex. vicarious thrill at the movies; Ex. the vicarious sufferings of Christ

s vicar

parish priest; representative

n vicissitude

change (esp. from good to bad); change of fortune; CF. the last emperor of China

n victuals

food; provisions; V. victual: provide with food


contend; compete


watchful; on the alert; watchfully awake; alert to spot danger; N. vigilance

s vigil

keeping watch (during normal sleeping hours); Ex. all-night vigil

s vigilante

one who without authority assumes law enforcement powers


active strength; energy; enthusiasm; ADJ. vigorous

n vignette

small drawing placed at the beginning or end of a chapter; picture; short literary sketch; short written description of a character or scene

n vilify

slander; speak evil of; N. vilification

n vindicate

clear from blame; free from blame or accusation (with supporting proof); exonerate; substantiate; justify or support; avenge; Ex. vindicate one's client; Ex. vindicate one's claim; CF. vindicator

n vindictive

disposed to revenge; vengeful; out for revenge; spiteful; intended to cause harm; malicious; Ex. vindictive streak

n vintner

wine merchant; winemaker; seller of wine


poisonous snake


manly; having masculine spirit or strength; full of strength


in essence; existing in essence though not in actual form; for practical purposes; Ex. virtual ruler/space


goodness; moral excellence; good quality; advantage; Ex. by virtue of; Ex. make a virtue of necessity

n virtuoso

highly skilled artist (esp. in music); Ex. piano virtuoso

n virulent

(of a disease or poison) extremely harmful or poisonous; (of a feeling) hostile; bitter; N. virulence; CF. virus; CF. venom


disease communicator

n visage

face; appearance

n visceral

felt in one's inner organs; N. viscera: internal body organs; CF. eviscerate

n viscid

adhesive; gluey


(of a liquid) thick and sticky; gluey; viscid; CF. consistency

n vise

vice; tool for holding work in place; clamping device

n visionary

produced by imagination; fanciful; mystical; showing foresight; N: one having foresight; one given to speculative impractical ideas

s vision

eyesight; foresight; mental image produced by the imagination; experience of seeing the supernatural


full of life; animated; vibrant and lively; critical; of great importance; necessary to stay alive; of life; living; breathing; N. vitality; V. vitalize

s vibrant

full of vigor or energy; vibrating

n vitiate

spoil the effect of; make inoperative; corrupt morally

n vitreous

of glass; pertaining to or resembling glass; V. vitrify: change into glass; CF. petrify

n vitriolic

causing sharp pain to the mind; caustic; corrosive; sarcastic; of vitriol; N. vitriol: sulphuric acid (which burns flesh deeply); bitterly abusive expression; caustic expression; CF. glass

n vituperative

abusive; scolding; V. vituperate: berate; scold; rail against abusively

n vivacious

lively or animated; sprightly

s sprightly



act of dissecting living animals

n vixen

female fox; ill-tempered woman; CF. shrew


clamorous; noisy; V. vociferate: cry out loudly (when complaining)

n vogue

popular fashion; Ex. Jeans became the vogue.

n volatile

changeable; of a quickly changing nature (as of temper); mercurial; tending to violence; evaporating rapidly; Ex. volatile character/situation in the street


act of using one's will; act of making a conscious choice; Ex. She selected this dress of her own volition.


fluent; talkative; glib; N. volubility

s volley

simultaneous discharge of a number of shots; V.


having great volume (as of a garment or container); bulky; large

s bulk

size or volume (esp. when very large); main part; Ex. The bulk of the work has already been done; ADJ. bulky: having great size

s voodoo

religion practiced chiefly in Haiti


ravenous; eating large quantities of food; exceedingly eager; insatiable; Ex. voracious animal/reader


whirlwind; whirlpool; center of turbulence; predicament into which one is inexorably plunged

n vouchsafe

grant condescendingly; guarantee; Ex. vouchsafe your fair return on your investment

s vouch

give a personal guarantee; Ex. I can vouch for his integrity; N. voucher

n voyeur

Peeping Tom; person who derives sexual gratification from observing the sexual acts of others


susceptible to wounds or attack; N. vulnerability

n vulpine

like a fox; crafty

s craft

skill (esp. with one's hands); skill in deceiving people; guile; ADJ. crafty: cleverly deceitful; cunning

s vulture

carrion-eating birds

s vying

contending; CF. vie

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