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comparative politics test #1
Terms in this set (19)
Belief in the superiority of one's nation or ethnic group.
A sociologist who emphasized the phenomenon of bureaucracy in explaining political developments. "Politics as Vocation".
People may have faith in a particular political or social order because it has been there for a long time (tradition), because they have faith in the rulers (charisma), or because they trust its legality
the influence one party has over another
Individuals and/or groups that have common interests and perspectives
A body of people living in a defined territory who have a government with the power to make and enforce law without the consent of any higher authority
the comparative method
research technique that compares existing official statistics and historical records across groups to test a theory about some social phenomenon
mixed methods research
uses both quantitative and qualitative techniques, in an effort to build convincing claims about the relationships between attributes and outcomes
Ability of a state to govern its territory free from control of its internal affairs by other states.
(n.) a government in power; a form or system of rule or management; a period of rule. eg. democratic regime, totaliarian regime.
The institution through which a society makes and enforces its public policies
Political authority conferred by law or by a state or national constitution
Organizations outside of the state that help people define and advance their own interests
a politically organized body of people under a single government
describe the relationship between the legislature in a parliamentary, presidential, and semi-presidential system; what are the advantages and disadvantages of each?
describe the characteristics of the modern state. what are the most important differences between single-member districts and proportional representation system? what are the advantages of each? what do you prefer and why?
Describe the main characteristics of the modern-state. What are the main diffrences between, failed, weak, quasi-states? Give examples of each to demonstrate.
Weak state: cannot provide adequate political goods. Nigeria - Most populous African country, deeply divided along ethnic and religious lines. Weak state held together most often by military rule Failed state: a state so weak it loses effective sovereignty. Somalia-near-total anarchy Quasi-state: have legal sovereignty and recognition but lack other (esp. domestic) attributes of a state. Somaliland-Declared regional independence in 1991Self-governing and relatively stable ever since•Fully democratic (2001)•Economic growth•No official recognition internationally
Why study comparative politics?
1. it's fun and interesting,
2. To overcome ethnocentrism
3. To understand political issues in various countries (changes & patterns)
4. To generate lessons from one place to apply in another
5. To develop broad abstract arguments that provide a systematic explanation of some phenomenon (Theories)
What are some of the advantages and disadvantages of single case studies, the comparative method, and quantitative statistical technique?
Both usually involve qualitative analysis:
•Single case studies (N=1)
-One state or community to generate theories or test existing ones
•Most depth and detail
•The comparative method (N>1<50)
-Examines political phenomena in or across several states
•Careful case selection
• systematic study of key variables
-Method of agreement vs. Method of difference
•Some depth and detail, more generalizable.
Quantitative statistical techniques (N>50)
Largest number of cases and amount of data
Variables represented numerically, subject to statistical analysis such as linear regression
Can demonstrate correlation, which variables most influential or which work together
Least depth and detail
Challenge of measurement: How to quantify the unquantifiable?
•Numerical representation of certain things may require creativity
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