American History I - Unit 5 -- American Nationalism & Market Economy
Terms in this set (40)
Marbury v. Madison (1803)
Case in which the Supreme Court first established the power of judicial review by finding that a law made by Congress was unconstitutional
Allows the court to determine the constitutionality of laws; how the judicial branch "interprets" the law
1803 purchase of the Louisiana territory from France. Made by Jefferson, this doubled the size of the US.
British practice of taking American sailors and forcing them into British military service
A government ban on trade with other countries.
Henry Clay and John C. Calhoun, and members of Congress from the south and the west who called for war with England prior to the War of 1812
Battle of New Orleans
1814, A battle that happened after the Treaty of Ghent was signed. General Andrew Jackson defeated the British in a stunning victory
Battle of Tippecanoe
Conflict between the Shawnee and Indiana Territory leader that resulted in fame for the leader and calls for war with Britain from the "War Hawks" in Congress
Treaty of Ghent
1814 agreement that ended the War of 1812, did not address the problems that led to the start of the war
Democratic-Republican; 3rd POTUS; Bought the Louisiana Purchase in 1803
chief of the Miami Confederacy, lost at the Battle of Fallen Timbers, signed a treaty in which Native Americans gave land to the US for $
1st Chief Justice of the Supreme Court; Negotiated Jay's Treaty with England
Lewis and Clark
1804-1806, Sent on an expedition by Jefferson to gather information on the United States' new land and map a route to the Pacific. They kept very careful maps and records of this new land acquired from the Louisiana Purchase.
A Shoshone Indian woman whose language skills and knowledge of geography helped Lewis and Clark on their expedition.
Jefferson's Vice President; killed Alexander Hamilton in a duel
Federalist justice on the Supreme Court; established judicial review and expanded the power of the judicial branch
Shawnee leader who attempted to organize an Native American confederacy to prevent the loss of additional territory to American settlers.
The belief that national interests should be placed ahead of regional concerns or the interests of other countries
Valuing regional interests over the interest of the nation as a whole
Economy in the North
based on industry; urban areas; factories, mass production; location for the Industrial Revolution
Developed America's first factory system; produced thread/textiles; brought these ideas from England
This inventor is credited with making crop production more efficient through the use of his harvesting machine called a reaper
This inventor is credited with invigorating the newly settled western lands by providing modern, efficient farm machinery
invented the cotton gin and interchangeable parts
Economy in the South
based on agriculture; cotton was most profitable crop produced; relied on slave labor and plantations; rural areas
invented by Eli Whitney; allowed cotton to be processed much faster than before; increased the demand for slavery in the South due to increased cotton production
refers to slavery in the south during the Industrial Revolution; The cotton gin made it possible to produce cotton at a very quick rate, therefore more labor was needed to pick cotton and slavery expanded to support southern economy.
Speaker of the House, Created the American System. Passed a bill that would lower tariffs over a 10-year period after the South Carolina Nullification Crisis.
purpose was to unify the regions of the nation, had 3 parts: 1) develop transportation/infrastructure, 2) establish a protective tariff, 3) strengthen the National Bank
built between 1811-1833, the first federally funded highway in the US, ran from Maryland to Illinois
built in 1825; connected Hudson River to the Lake Erie
Importance of canals
increased distribution of goods, could deliver goods to any place near the construction of a canal.
Era of Good Feelings
Monroe was POTUS; period in US history during which partisan (political party) bitterness seemed to subside.
5th POTUS (1816-1824); established the Monroe Doctrine; Nationalist (put the nation's interests over his own or regional interests); POTUS during the Era of Good Feelings
1823; closed the western hemisphere to European colonization and; promised that the US would stay out of European affairs; remained US foreign policy until World War I
1819; Spain ceded Florida and parts of the Oregon Territory to the US
1820; admitted Missouri as a slave state and Maine as a free state; drew a line across the Louisiana Territory; north of the line = slavery banned; south of the line = slavery allowed to expand.
John Quincy Adams
the term given to the outcome of the Election of 1824. Jacksonians claimed Adams and Clay stole the presidency from Jackson.
Term used to describe supporters of Andrew Jackson