Terms in this set (70)

Second person almost never is employed- I would say never, but I read a modern short story a year ago or so that used the second person pronoun "you." Think about it- how can a narrator know "you" and therefore address you?

Authors often use one of the following: first person, where the narrator is telling his or her own story and you will see the pronoun "I" or "we".

Third person limited, where the narration is limited to one character's perspective, but the narrator is outside the story. You will see the pronoun "he" or "she".

Third person omniscient is the most unrealistic point of view, since the narrator is outside the story and can potentially see into the minds, motivations, and thoughts of many characters in the story.

It's becoming more common for authors to mix the point of view, with one chapter being from first person and another from third person limited. Paul Zindel wrote The Pigman, where each chapter alternated from a boy and girl's point of view.

Faulkner in The Sound and the Fury tells the same story in four sections from four different points of view.

1. Interior Monologue -- 1st person, train of thought or stream of consciousness

2. Dramatic Monologue -- 1st person, narrator speaking to someone else; reader "overhears"

3. Letter Narration -- 1st person, narrator writing a letter

4. Diary Narration -- 1st person, narrator writing diary entries

5. Subjective Narration-- 1st person, narrator seems unreliable, tries to get us to share their side, or assume values or views we don't share.

6. Detached Autobiography -- 1st person, narrator is reliable, guides reader. Narrator is main character, often reflecting on a past "self."

7. Memoir or Observer Narration -- 1st person, narrator is observer rather than main participant; narrator can be confident, eye-witness or "chorus" (provides offstage or background information); Narrator can be reliable or unreliable.

8. Anonymous or Omniscient Narration, Single Character Point of View -- 3rd person narrator is generally reliable; narrator is omniscient and ubiquitous in terms of knowing all about ONE character in the story; story presented from one character's vantage point.

9. Anonymous or Omniscient Narration, Dual Character Point of View -- 3rd person, generally reliable narrator presents inner life of two characters; knows all there is to know about these two characters.

10. Anonymous or Omniscient Narration, Multiple Character Point of View -- 3rd person narrator presents inner life, thoughts, actions of several characters

11. Anonymous or Omniscient Narration, No Character Point of View -- 3rd person narrator, generally reliable, stays OUT of minds of characters; presents story in eyewitness or "chorus" account; narrator is not a confident, does not present characters' thoughts