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BJU World History Chapter 6
Terms in this set (46)
Restore the greatness of the Roman Empire
"holy wisdom"; massive church, example of Byzantine architecture
Byzantine secret weapon that would burn on water
Swedish Norsemen that plundered Slavic villages in Russia
established the first ruling dynasty in Russia
Slavic alphabet was adapted from this alphabet
Abraham and Ishmael
OT persons to whom the Arabs trace their beginnings
Belief in one god
aspect of the Judeo-Christian belief that impressed and influenced Muhammad
Merchants' fear of interference with business
Why was Muhammad initially persecuted in Mecca?
reasons for Muslim military conquests
1. a desire for fertile,productive land
2.weakness of the Byzantine and Persian empires
3.unification of the Arabs around a common cause
major problem after Muhammad's death
Muhammed did not appoint a successor.
Al-Razi and Ibn Sina
Muslims influential in medicine
Source of the Muslims' basic mathematical knowledge
religion that threatened the Byzantine Empire through the invasion of the Turks; "submission to Allah"; followers are called Muslims
largest ethnic group living in early Russia
shrine in Mecca that once housed hundreds of pagan idols; center of Islamic worship
City toward which Muslims pray and take pilgrimages; birthplace of Muhammad
name of the Muslim god
Muhammad's flight to Medina
Muslim holy book
wife of Justinian
Cyril and Methodius
Missionaries to Slavic peoples
Ancient Greece and Near East
The civilization of the Byzantium Empire was a mix of what cultures?
took the Byzantium Empire to its height and also ruined it financially
Source of the name Russia
from the Slavic Rus meaning "rowers" or "seafarers"
Muhammad's visions from Gabriel
Muslims claim that the Qur'an is a record of __________ .
factors that caused the eastern and western churches to split
- Leaders in the east refused to acknowledge the bishop of Rome's claim of supreme authority
- power struggle between the pope in Rome & the patriarch in Constantinople
- east & west differed on: when to celebrate Easter, whether priests should marry, and the use of icons
factors of rapid Arab expansion in Palestine, Syria, Egypt, Iraq, and Persia
- land of the Arabs was barren & unable to support the population
- motivated by desire for wealth , the Arabs sought to escape the poverty of their land through conquests
- Islam united Arab people around a common cause
- they viewed each conquest as a jihad (holy war)
- their religious beliefs produced a fierce fighting spirit intensified by the promise that death in battle assured entrance to paradise
The first capital of Russia was ________.
Battle of Tours
battle that stopped the Muslim advance in Europe (France)
birthplace of Muhammad; holiest city for Muslims
meeting place of East and West;vital link in both land and sea trade routes; "New Rome"
city in which Muhammad became a spiritual, political, and military leader; Muhammad fled here during Hajira
ruled the Islamic Empire of Abbasids after Abbasid power died; fierce
colored marble pieces or glass assembled on floors or wall surfaces to create symbolic pictures, usually holy images. Byzantine art form
An image of a holy person or being worshipped by Eastern Orthodox Church
Five Pillars of Islam
1. Shahaduh--"There is no God but Allah..."
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