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Arts and Humanities
History of Europe
Terms in this set (24)
A program of mass murder
The deliberate annihilation of an entire race of people
List five groups other than Jews that were persecuted by the Nazis
Gypsies, homosexuals, freemasons, Jehovah's witness, and people with disabilities
Under the Nuremberg Race Laws, what were Jews not allowed to do?
Marry or have sex with Aryans, hire Aryan women as maids, and have rights of citizenships
Night of the broken glass. Jewish stores, shops and synagogues burned down. Took place because a German official was killed in Paris by a Jew.
SS "Special Action Groups" organized in early years of war by Reinhard Heydrich.
Heydrich organized a meeting with 15 top Nazi officials in Berlin on January 20, 1942. Discussed the final solution
Nicknamed "The Blond Beast" and "Hangman Heydrich." 2nd in command of Gestapo and SS. Principle planner of the Final Solution. Brigadier General in SS at the age of 30.
What were the three phases of the final solution
Phase 1: shooting, Phase 2: Gas vans, Phase 3: the camps
Gas used to kll vermin. it was inexpensive compared to gas. dropped fom ceilings
SS doctor who had power of life/death. Performed medical experiments. known as the "Angel of Death" He survived and went to South America and eventually drowned in Bertioga, Brazil.
Dr. Josef Mengel
Largest Single massacre. Carried out at 3 camps, run by the SS. Every Jew that arrived at one of the camps would be dead in 2 hours. Total of 1,700,000 Jews killed.
Wartime acts of cruelty and brutality that are judged to be beyond the accepted rules of war and human behavior
Nazi leader was the second in command for the Nazi Party during its rise to power in Europe. He was also commander in chief of the Luftwaffe, the German Air force. Found guilty at Nuremberg, but committed suicide three hours before his execution.
Where were the postwar war criminals tried?
Was a party supporter who was later rewarded for his service by being named as Reichsminister. He was in charge of the day-to-day schedule would be famous for writing Hitler's dictations down while they were both imprisoned.
One of the Nazi party's most dedicated workers and was one of Hitlers top aids. Many believe that he was the reason the war lasted an extra year. He said he knew nothing of the final solution. Pleaded guilty and got 20 years in prison.
Becomes Der Fuherer with a 90% approval rating. Committed suicide in a bunker in Berlin while the Soviets were marching into town. In his last will, he denounced Goring and Himmler as traitors.
The second most powerful Nazi force in Germany, right behind Adolf Hitler. He was the chief of police during the Nazi's reign in power and the head man of the Schutzstaffel (SS). Hated the Jews. Before his trial he committed suicide
Adolf Hitlers second best man, right behind Heinrich Himmler. Master of the mass psychology, a skill that became an important aspect to the Nazis in their quest for power. During his life span, he was appointed the Reich Propaganda Director and the Minister of People's Enlightenment and Propaganda.
SS Lieutenant Colonel for the German army, enthusiastic as Himmler about destroying to 10.3 million Jews in Europe. He implemented the system of transporting prisoners to concentration camps.
Israeli Security Service
Promoted stereotypes of Jews and Warned Germans
Famous German hunter and zoologist.
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