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oral anatomy chapter 8 glossary words
Terms in this set (87)
is the tissue that covers and lines both the external and internal body surfaces, including vessels and small cavities
consist of single layer of epithelium cells
epithelium consist of flattened platelike epithelial cells
squames or simple squamous epithelium
is used to refer to the simple squamous epithelium lining of these vessels and serous cavities
which is names as such sine it false appears as multiple cell layers when views with lower power magnification due to the cells nuclei appearing at different levels
pseudo stratified columnar epithelium
consist of two or more layers of cells with only the deepest layer longing up to the contact the basement membrane
which included the superficial layer of both the skin and oral mucosa
stratified squamous epithelium
interdigital of the outer epithelium with the deeper connective tissue occurs with the epithelial tissue forming?
which is the superficial layer of the skin
is a thin acellular structure always located between any form of epithelium and the underlying connective tissue, as noted i both the skin and oral mucosa
the superficial layer of the basement membrane is_____ ethic is produced by the epithelium
attachement mechanism are also part of the basement membrane
anchoring collagen fibers
of the body when taken together represents, by weight, the most abundant type of basic tissue
themes common cell in all types of connective tissue is?
the main connective tissue fiber per found in the body is?
are another typer of fiber composed ofmicrofilaments embedded in the protein elastin, which results in a very elastic type of tissue
can be found in relationship to an evolving embryonic tissue and thus found more rarely in the adult body
both loose and dense typesofconnective tissue are found together in two adjoining layers as the
connective tissue proper
the connective tissue proper in the skin is the _____ and is found deep to the epidermis?
even deeper to the dermis is?
the superficial layer of both the dermis of the skin and lamina propria of the oral mucosa is composed of
loose connective tissue
in both the dermis and lamina propria of oral muscoas, this layer of loose connective tissue is also considered the?
the papillary layer forms ____ which is interdigitated with the epithelial rate ridges discussed earlier
connective tissue papillae
deep to the loose connective tissue is _____ such as found in the deepest layer of both the dermis and lamina propria
dense connective tissue
the dense connective tissue in both the dermis and lamina propria is also considered the?
the immature connective tissue is considered _____ and has few fibers and an increased amount of blood vessels
most tissue of the body undergoes _____ as the individual cells die and are removed from the tissue and new ones take their place
is the time it takes for the newly divided cells to be completely replaced throughout the tissue
is fatty tissue that is found beneath the skin around organs and various joints and in regions of the oral cavity
adipose connective tissue
has a large number of elastic fibers in its matrix, which combines strength with elasticity, such as in the tissue of the vocal cords
elastic connective tisue
is a delicate network of interwoven reticular fibers forming a supportive framework for blood vessels and internal organ
reticular connective tissue
the firm but felxiable nonmerilized connective tissue in the body is?
the connective tissue surrounding most cartilage is?
lies internal to the perichondrium and produce cartilage matrix
which are mature chrondroblasts that maintain the cartilage matrix
only a small space surrounds the chondrocyte within the cartilage matrix
is the most commone type found in the body and contain only collagen fibers as part of its matrix
is simliar to hyaline except that it has numerous elastic fibers in its matrix in addition to it numerous collagen fibers
is never found alone and merges gradually wit its neighboring hyaline cartilage such as in the outer part of the of the bone and TMJ
the hard ridge form connective tissue that constitutes most of the mature skeleton is the?
when bone is examined grossly the outer part of bone is covered by
deep to the periosteum is a dense layer of?
deep to the compact bone is spongy bone called
lining the medullary cavity of bone on the inside of the layer of compact bone and cancellous bone is?
on the inner most par of bone on the medullary cavity
it is the inorganic substance in a crystalline formation
bone matrix is initially formed
the osteoid is priced by _____ which are cubodial cells that arise from fibroblasts
within fully mineralized bone are?
cytoplasmic processes of the osteocyte radiate outward in all directions in the bone and are locate in tubular canals of matrix
bone matrix in compact bone is formed into closely apposed sheets
this highly organized arrangement of concentric lamellae is compact bone is?
in the haversian system these lamellae form concentric layers of matix into cylinders or?
is a central vascular canal within each osteon surrounded by the lamellar
located on the outer part of the haversian system in compact bone are?
in contrast to the highly organized compact bone cancellous bone has its bone matrix formed into?
bone development is termed
is formation of osteoid between two dense connective tissue sheets, which then eventually replaces the outer connective tissue
is the formation of the osteoid within a hyaline cartilage model that subsequently becomes mineralized and dies
the first bone to produced by either method of ossification is an immature bone?
primary bone is temporary tissue that is replaced by the mature ?
the cell that causes resorption of bone is?
the osteoclasts is a large multinucleated cell located on the surface of secondary bone in a large shallow pit created by this resorption a
how ship lacuna
occurs in a specific area of a bone as a result of infection, altered mechanical stress, or pressure on the bone so that it adapts by removing bone tissue
occurs over the entire skeleton in varying amounts because of endocrine activity to increase blood levels of calcium and phosphate needed by the body
resting lines, appear as smooth lines between the layer of bone because os osteoblasts having rested formed bone and then rested again after appositional growth
appear as scalloped lines between the layer of bone
a fluid connective tissue that serves as a trasport medium for cellar nutrients, such as reparatory gases like oxygen and carbon dioxide as well as metabolites for the entire body
is the fluid substance in the blood vessels that carries the plasma proteins blood cells and metabolites
the most commone cell in the blood is?
red blood cells
the blood also contains ____ which are smaller than red blood cells disc shaped and also have no nucleus
even smaller numbers in the blood is?
the most commone WBC in the blood is?
the second most common WBC is ?
is considered an antibody and one of the blood proteins
each plasma cell produces only one specific class of immunoglobulin in response to a specific?
the most common WBC in the connective tissue proper is?
before a macrophage migrates into the tissue its called?
increased during hypersensitivity
also involved in the hypersensitivity response
similar to the basophil
has its own type of action which is the movement accomplished when the muscle cells contract
are considered coluntray muscles bc they are under voluntary control involving the somatic nervous sytem
is the functional cellular component of the nervous system and is composed of three parts
a long thin singular cable like process that conducts impulses away from the cell body
is a bundle of neural processes outside the dental nervous system and in the peripheral nervous system
is the junction between twos neurons or between a neuron and an effector organ where neural impulses are transmitted by chemical means
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