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Central nervous system and special senses
Terms in this set (28)
A stroke is a disorder in which the arteries to the brain become blocked or rupture, resulting in death of brain tissue.
Transient Ischemic Attack. An ischemic stroke that last only a brief time (often less than 1 hour, but always less than 24 hours). Mini-stroke
Dementia is a slow, progressive decline in mental function in which memory, thinking, judgment, and the ability to learn are impaired.
Alzheimer's disease is a progressive loss of mental function, characterized by degeneration of brain tissue, including loss of nerve cells and the development of senile plaques and neurofibrillary tangles. Most common form of dementia.
periodic disturbances of the brain's electrical activity, resulting in some degree of temporary brain dysfunction.
seizures that occur repeatedly and have no apparent cause
a slowly progressive degenerative disorder of the central nervous system. It is characterized by tremor when muscles are at rest (resting tremor), increased muscle tone (rigidity), slowness of voluntary movements, and difficulty maintaining balance (postural instability)
Multiple sclerosis is a disorder in which patches of myelin and underlying nerve fibers in the eyes, brain, and spinal cord are damaged or destroyed.
inflammation of the sinuses
A cataract is a clouding (opacity) of the lens of the eye that causes a progressive, painless loss of vision
Glaucoma is optic nerve damage, often associated with increased eye pressure, that leads to progressive, irreversible loss of vision.
Physician trained in treating conditions of the eye. Can operate on the eye.
Optometrists, also known as doctors of optometry, or ODs, provide most primary vision care. They examine people's eyes to diagnose vision problems and eye diseases, and they test patients' visual activity, depth and color perception, and ability to focus and coordinate the eyes.
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