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14 terms

ACS 8 SS Ch. 4

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Crete
a Greek island in the Mediterranean, SE of mainland Greece
Mycenae
an ancient city in S Greece
Peloponnesus
a peninsula forming the S part of Greece: seat of the early Mycenaean civilization and the powerful city-states of Argos, Sparta, etc.
peninsula
an area of land almost completely surrounded by water except for an isthmus connecting it with the mainland
colony
a group of people who leave their native country to form a settlement in a new land subject to, or connected with, the parent nation
polis
an ancient Greek city-state
agora
a marketplace or a public square that often served as a political meeting place
Sparta
an ancient city in S Greece: the capital of Laconia and the chief city of the Peloponnesus, at one time the dominant city of Greece: famous for strict discipline and training of soldiers
Athens
a city in and the capital of Greece; an ancient city state
tyrant
a ruler who uses power oppressively or unjustly; total authority
oligarchy
a form of government in which all power is vested in a few persons or in a dominant class or clique; government by the few
democracy
government by the people; a form of government in which the supreme power is vested in the people and exercised directly by them or by their elected agents under a free electoral system
Helot
a member of the lowest class in Sparta (Laconia), constituting a body of serfs who were bound to the land and were owned by the state
Persia
an ancient empire located in W and SW Asia: at its height it extended from Egypt and the Aegean to India; conquered by Alexander the Great 334-331 B.C.